Arthrosis of the hip joint

Arthrosis of the hip joint is a process of destruction of articular cartilage, as well as destructive processes in the structures surrounding the cartilage. The disease usually appears after 40 years. Most often women suffer from it, but among men, the percentage of cases in old age (50-60 years) is quite high. The cause of the development of arthrosis will be the destruction of the cartilage tissue of the joint. This leads first to painful sensations when moving and in an uncomfortable position, and with the development of the disease - to a decrease in mobility and a complete loss of the hip joint of its main functions.

Unfortunately, in the last stages of the development of the disease, when deformity of the joint begins, the changes become irreversible, which makes treatment very difficult. Usually, it is no longer possible to completely get rid of arthrosis at this stage. But osteopathy demonstrates high efficiency in reducing the rate of development of the disease - pain symptoms go away, the joint returns to mobility.

If the treatment of hip arthrosis is not carried out properly, then disability is almost inevitable. The danger lies in the fact that the disease often spreads to the second joint, due to which the patient is completely bedridden.

That is why it is especially important to pay close attention to your health and, if possible, avoid situations and lifestyles when the risk of developing hip arthrosis increases. This is facilitated by two main factors - a healthy regimen and regular check-ups with an osteopath.

healthy joint and arthrosis of the hip joint

Causes of arthrosis of the hip joint

The first and main cause of diseases of the hip joint should be considered age-related changes, and in another way - the aging of the human body. Therefore, arthrosis manifests itself after the age of 40. However, this should not be considered a generally accepted norm - in some it may develop at an earlier age, in some, on the contrary, at a later age or not at all. An important role is played by lifestyle, external influences, nutrition and other factors that provoke wear and tear of the cartilaginous tissue of the joints.

Due to the deterioration of the ecological situation in recent years, the disease is rapidly "getting younger". This is also due to the fact that a huge number of small and large blood vessels and nerve endings are concentrated in the area of the hip joint.

Damage to nerve cells or poor circulation can have a negative effect on the joint. In the latter case, less oxygen, essential nutrients and vitamins begin to flow into the area of the hip joint. This disadvantage, first of all, affects the structure of the cartilaginous tissue, which does not have time to renew and recover. The result is its gradual destruction and thinning, which subsequently leads to the replacement of cartilaginous tissue with bone.

But in addition to the age-related risk of developing the disease, there are other reasons due to which the structure of the hip joint is disrupted. Factors that negatively affect joint health in general and lead to the development of arthrosis and other diseases of the hip girdle include:

  • congenital disorders and birth trauma.One of the most common is dislocation of the hip joint (femoral head) when passing through the birth canal or due to the carelessness of the obstetrician. According to statistics, similar disorders are observed in 10% of all newborns. For the most part, in the first days and weeks of life, the position of the femoral head in the acetabulum is restored. If the joint does not recover, the risk of developing the disease increases significantly. Moreover, arthrosis can manifest itself at a fairly early age. A visit to an osteopath will correct the situation. A specialist can diagnose a violation in the structure of the joint in a baby and gently return it to its proper position;
  • dysplasia of the hip joint.This congenital disease leads to abnormal development of the tissues of the joint, due to which it quickly wears out or from birth has disorders that reduce its functionality and mobility;
  • metabolic diseases.Of particular danger are diabetes mellitus and gout, which disrupt metabolism both in the body as a whole and in the area of the hip joint;
  • infectious and colds diseases of the joints.Even if the disease does not affect the hip region, it can subsequently affect health and cause structural changes in tissues throughout the body or areas close to the focus of infection;
  • joint injury.Fractures are especially dangerous, which can grow together with small deviations, which leads to impaired mobility. The situation can be aggravated by the formation of calluses at the site of the fracture and the gradual ossification of this area;
  • excess weight.Excess weight leads to muscle strain and increased stress on the joints. As a result, they wear out faster, and the risk of injury increases;
  • improper nutrition.The abundance of fatty foods and the lack of substances necessary for the formation and restoration of the cartilage tissue of the joint leads to its gradual thinning and wear.

If in the process of life you are exposed to at least one of these factors, you should be as careful as possible about your health, because the risk of developing the disease increases. In order to timely diagnose arthrosis and other dystrophic diseases of the hip girdle, it is necessary to undergo regular examinations by an osteopathic specialist several times a year. By the way, it is the osteopath who will help you adjust your diet in order to improve the metabolic system, and will help eliminate blood supply disturbances to individual organs and areas of the body that need it most.

Symptoms of arthrosis of the hip joint

pain in the hip joint as a symptom of arthrosis

Arthritic disorders of the hip joint are dangerous primarily due to the complexity of their diagnosis in the initial stages. Painful sensations are concentrated not in the area of the thigh and the most affected joint, but in the groin. Because of this, arthrosis is often mistaken for the manifestation of other diseases, problems with the stomach and intestines, and so on. Also, pain can be given to the lumbar and gluteal region, spread down the leg to the knee.

At the first stage, pain is vague and does not appear vividly enough to cause anxiety in the patient. An important symptom for determining a violation is discomfort and pain in the joint when trying to get up from a sitting position. Especially if you have been in this position for a long time.

With the development of the disease, the pain from wandering and periodic flows into permanent. At the same time, more and more difficulties begin to be observed during physical activity - in the process of walking. Weather pains, aches appear, which spreads throughout the diseased half of the body. This is already a serious indicator of going to a specialist and starting treatment as soon as possible. If this is not done, the disease will continue to progress, leading not only to constant pain, but also reducing the mobility of the pelvis up to complete stiffness and disability.

Diagnosis of diseases of the hip joint

With arthrosis of the hip joint, it is very difficult to make the correct diagnosis in the early stages of the disease. Approximately the same symptoms can be observed in various diseases, both associated with disorders of the structure of the joints, and caused by abnormalities in the work of internal organs.

It is important to identify the nature of the pain. With violations of the structure and position of the joint, it becomes most sensitive to vertical loads. Also, in the early stages, pain (and possibly impaired mobility) will be noticeable during abduction of the limb in the vertical plane and internal rotation of the joint.

The early stages of arthrosis of the hip joint are not yet irreversible (structural changes are insignificant), therefore it is so important to diagnose the disease at the very beginning. This can be done by an experienced osteopath, guided by the patient's feelings. If the symptoms and nature of pain are highly likely to indicate arthrosis of the joint, then it is recommended to conduct additional studies and examinations with other specialists in order to confirm the diagnosis and prescribe competent treatment. In this case, it will be possible to get rid of the disease (or stop its symptoms) rather quickly.

Treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint by osteopathic methods

There are several methods of treating arthritic diseases of the joint, including the most cardinal - surgical. But the most effective methods are osteopathy. Especially if they are competently combined with physiotherapeutic effects and physiotherapy exercises.

physiotherapy exercises as a method of treating arthrosis of the hip joint

In osteopathy, the treatment of arthritic disorders of the hip joints is performed in several stages:

  • relief of pain.Effective complex treatment (with the use of physiotherapy and exercise therapy) will be impossible if the patient experiences pain. Manual osteopathic techniques make it possible to achieve complete and long-term anesthesia of the hip joint area, even in especially severe cases - with pinching of the nerve processes;
  • treatment of the underlying causes of the disease.With arthrosis of the pelvic joint, the main reason is in disorders of the circulatory and metabolic systems. The effect of an osteopath is aimed at normalizing blood flow not only in the damaged area, but throughout the body. Depending on the stage of the disease and the condition of the joint, the restoration of blood circulation may take a different amount of time (sessions). At the time of treatment, a specialist may advise to limit the mobility of the joint, reduce the load on it, recommending movement with a crutch or cane;
  • restoration of the body.Proper nutrition is an integral part of treatment. The diet should be adjusted by a specialist so that it includes a set of all necessary trace elements, vitamins and nutrients in their natural form (that is, in food, not in the form of medicines). Food must necessarily contain chondroprotective substances - compounds that help restore cartilage tissue, provide it with the necessary elements for recovery. The natural chondroprotector is the bone cerebellum, cartilage, gelatin, therefore, during the treatment period, it is recommended to include jellied meat, jellies, jelly in the diet;
  • treatment of complications.In many cases, arthrosis of the hip joint is accompanied by various complications - inflammatory processes, injuries and muscle tears, diseases of internal organs. After the body receives a powerful impulse and all the necessary components for healing the joint, the osteopath will help the restorative work to touch other damaged organs.

Often, in the treatment of arthrosis (and immediately after it), the specialist prescribes exercise therapy (physiotherapy exercises) for the patient. This approach is explained by the natural desire to strengthen the body as a whole, but without the danger of injuring or overloading the pelvic region. Strengthening the muscles contributes to the fact that they begin to hold the femoral neck more tightly in the articular bag, which means that the likelihood of dislocation and other injury is reduced.

How to protect your joints

Arthrosis of the hip joint is a disease that is rather difficult to cure in the later stages. It is practically not diagnosed in the early stages by traditional medicine. But preventive methods can reduce the risk of the onset of the disease or postpone the age of the onset of its first symptoms:

  • physical exercise.You should not give up on them at all, but periods of work and activity should be alternated with periods of rest. For a complete recovery of the body, it needs relaxation of the muscles around the joints, which improves blood flow and promotes the supply of oxygen and nutrients;
  • weight control.Excess weight is often the reason for the congestion of the joints, which affects their wear and tear and increases the risk of injury. In case of problems, a specialist will help to correct the weight. Usually, the introduction of fiber in the form of vegetables and fruits, cereals, cereals is quite effective. The intake of fatty and sweet foods should be reduced as much as possible, but not to the detriment of your own body;
  • food.With food, your body must receive all the building blocks and nutrients it needs. Only in this case, tissue restoration will proceed normally. For the health of cartilage, products containing a concentrated decoction of cartilage tissue are important - jellied meat, brawn, saturated fish or meat broth. Also, the diet must include foods to maintain bone health - milk, eggs, nuts;
  • traffic.Just as excess physical activity and hard work lead to joint diseases, so lack of movement can cause them. Loads must be strictly standardized. Sports such as running, walking, swimming are especially useful.

Prevention is always more effective than treatment of arthrosis, and therefore try to lead a healthy lifestyle - and this disease will bypass you. Of course, one should not forget about another important aspect - regular examinations by a specialist.

23.03.2021