Arthritis and arthrosis are called the most dangerous enemies of joints that prevent them from working. However, despite the similarity of the name and one place of deployment, these diseases differ significantly from each other. Various joint pathologies are quite common, and according to doctors' estimates, every third person over 35 is faced with one of them. With age, the number of patients increases. In this article, we will understand how arthritis differs from arthrosis.
Based on the names of the pathologies, the difference between arthritis and arthrosis is immediately noticeable. In medicine, the suffix "-it" indicates that the disease is associated with an inflammatory process. The suffix "-oz" is used to denote diseases that result in the destruction of tissues or organs. Based on this, we can say what arthrosis is and what arthritis is and distinguish them from each other.
Arthrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic pathology of the joints, as a result of which their destruction occurs.
If we talk about arthritis, then it is more often diagnosed in women between the ages of 17 and 50. As a result of its development, the pathological process occurs in the area of the synovial bag. Arthritis is an inflammatory process in the joint, which also has a negative effect on the condition of the liver, kidneys, lungs and cardiovascular system.
Women over 30 are more susceptible to osteoarthritis. After 50 years, the risk of its occurrence increases significantly. Both diseases affecting the joints can lead to disability if not treated early in development. At the same time, there is a difference - arthritis requires exclusively medical methods of therapy, while for the treatment of arthrosis it is necessary to combine medical and surgical methods.
If there is no treatment for arthritis for a long period of time, then the disease can turn into arthrosis, when destructive changes begin to occur in the synovial bag of cartilage and the tissues that surround it. In this case, arthrosis-arthritis is diagnosed.
There are common causes that can cause both of these diseases. These include:
Considering the difference between arthrosis and arthritis, it is necessary to highlight the reasons that are characteristic of each specific disease.
These reasons include:
If several factors are combined at once (for example, overweight, bad habits and previous acute respiratory infections), then the risk of getting joint inflammation increases significantly.
Arthrosis differs in that its development in most cases is associated with heredity, acquired injuries and metabolic disorders in the body. Untreated arthritis can also lead to its development, since as a result of inflammation, metabolic processes in the joint area can be disrupted, which leads to its destruction.
Arthritis and arthrosis have a number of common features, including pain in the joint, swelling of the surrounding tissue, contour changes and limited mobility. But, there are also manifestations that distinguish these two diseases.
Arthritis is diagnosed based on the following symptoms:
The following manifestations are more typical for arthrosis:
Considering the difference between arthritis and arthrosis, we can distinguish the following difference: with arthritis, the patient suffers from general weakness of the body, frequent headaches, chronic fatigue, and possibly weight loss, which is not the case during arthrosis. Arthrosis always affects a specific joint (right or left) and does not develop in parallel in the other limb. Basically, the disease affects large joints (hip or knee). In this case, the difference between the pathologies is that even the smallest joints of the body are susceptible to arthritis.
Considering the symptoms that characterize arthritis and arthrosis, we can highlight some features that help identify pathology and make an accurate diagnosis.
Both pathologies cause pain. The only difference is that for arthritis, pain becomes a constant companion due to inflammation in the joint. It can occur not only while driving, but also appear at night.
In the case of arthrosis, soreness is caused by degenerative processes in the cartilage. As a result, the bone apparatus begins to suffer, which has lost its shock-absorbing properties. In this case, the painful sensations are aching in nature and are associated with movement or load of the joint.
At the initial stage of the development of the disease, the pain is insignificant, but over time it progresses and intensifies.
The characteristic sounds (clicking or crunching) in the affected joint help identify arthrosis. They occur when cartilage is worn out and bones are rubbed.
Arthritis and arthrosis lead to deformation of the affected joint. But in the first case, they are more visible visually. The difference is that with arthritis, you can note:
In addition, arthritis is accompanied by general weakness of the body, increased sweating and psoriasis.
In the case of arthrosis, the joint practically does not differ visually from a healthy one. However, degenerative processes are already taking place inside it, in which the depletion of cartilage tissue begins.
Both diseases lead to certain limitations in joint mobility. But at the same time, there are some differences. Arthritic pathology leads to a decrease in motor activity gradually. The difference in arthritis is that inflammation and pain immediately constrict the joint, interfering with its work.
In case of arthritic damage to the joint, its swelling is clearly visible, which is caused by inflammation in the joint capsule. As a result of a blood test, an increased number of leukocytes is found.
In case of arthrosis, there is no inflammation, so the level of leukocytes will be normal. Degenerative changes often occur unnoticed by the patient himself.
People of any age can experience arthritis. The disease is diagnosed even in young children after suffering infectious diseases. Arthrosis is diagnosed mainly in the elderly, since changes in the cartilage tissues are of a long-term nature and are associated with metabolic disorders and other age-related factors.
Diagnosis of these pathologies is always aimed at finding out at what stage of development the disease is and what led to their development. The list of diagnostic measures includes laboratory, bacteriological, microscopic and instrumental examinations, x-rays.
The difference in the examination results makes it possible to make a specific diagnosis and draw up a plan for further treatment:
The difference between arthrosis and arthritis also applies to methods of treating pathologies. Disease therapy should be comprehensive and includes:
Traditional therapy will be effective if you start treating arthrosis or arthritis at the initial stage of their development, when you can limit yourself to taking medications. Treatment of arthrosis consists in prescribing to the patient:
When choosing a medicine for arthritis, your doctor will recommend the following drugs:
In order to prevent complications that often accompany arthritis and arthrosis, you must follow a certain diet. There is no difference in which disease has to be treated. During this period, you need to exclude from your diet:
The difference in nutrition is that if you have arthritis, you should avoid saturated meat broths. While for patients with arthrosis, on the contrary, they will be very useful, since they have a positive effect on the state of bone and cartilage tissue.
The diet of patients diagnosed with arthrosis-arthritis should be based on:
The chosen methods of treating these diseases may differ in that for arthritis, the primary task is to remove the inflammatory process, while in arthrosis it is necessary to exclude all factors that have led to the destruction of articular tissues. Physiotherapy methods give a good result:
Surgical intervention becomes the best option for the treatment of arthrosis, especially in its advanced stage. The operation makes it possible to eliminate the existing destructive components and artificially build up damaged cartilaginous tissue. If the changes in the joint are significant and this prevents a person from moving, then endoprosthetics is performed. Depending on the cause and extent of the lesion, one of the following operations is assigned:
The special set of gymnastic exercises that is used for arthritis or arthrosis does not differ significantly. At the same time, gymnastics should be aimed at warming up and lightly kneading the affected area, without a significant load on it. Before you start doing the exercises, you need to warm up well.
The choice of exercise depends on the area in which the disease develops. This can be by tapping or pinching the joint, rotating it, bending it, or pulling it to the side.
Treatment of arthrosis is always long and gradual. At the initial stage, the use of drugs for arthrosis, physiotherapy procedures, massage and gymnastics is shown. If all this did not give the desired effect, an operation is performed.
Arthritis treatment is also complex. The difference is that its duration depends on the form of the pathology. A good effect is given by the use of drugs and physiotherapy, which relieve pain and relieve inflammation. Massage is not used in this case. It is extremely rare that physiotherapy exercises are prescribed. If drug therapy is ineffective, prosthetics are performed.
Only a doctor who understands the difference between arthrosis and arthritis should prescribe treatment for any disease. Self-medication can only aggravate the situation and lead to the development of complications.
To keep your joints healthy, preventing arthritis or arthrosis, it is important to adhere to certain preventive rules throughout your life:
In addition, to prevent arthritis, it is necessary to treat any infectious diseases on time.
Osteoarthritis and arthritis are very similar to each other and cannot be completely cured. But by paying attention to them in time and starting competent treatment, the patient has a chance for a full life without disabilities.