Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a complex degenerative lesion of the structures of the spine at the level of the cervical spine, affecting the intervertebral disc, osteochondral structures, and the blood supply system. As the disease progresses, pathological changes in the spine occur, and it loses its function.
Osteochondrosis is an insidious disease. At the first stages, there are no symptoms, and only over time, when the process becomes chronic, does the disease make itself felt. During this period, permanent osteochondrosis develops, and irreversible changes in the structures of the vertebrae begin. As in other cases, it is important not to miss the moment and start treatment on time. How to recognize this ailment in yourself?
The symptomatic complex accompanying the disease is enormous. But in general, all the complaints that patients present at a doctor's appointment are similar.
The cause of vertigo is the defeat of the cerebellum - the main "coordinator" of the human body in space.
Patients have a question: why do they feel dizzy and how to treat this condition? When the intervertebral disc and surrounding structures become inflamed, they compress the arteries that feed the brain, including the cerebellum. Nerve tissue is sensitive to nutritional deficiencies and responds with impairments. This symptom itself cannot be cured; the disease itself is subject to treatment. Fortunately, therapies in use today relieve vertigo.
Important!It is hardly possible to independently determine the source of pain. The same pain occurs with hypertension, migraine and other pathologies. Therefore, with periodic discomfort, you should not postpone a visit to the doctor.
The pain syndrome reaches its greatest intensity in the morning hours, after sleep. This is easy to explain: at night, the mobility of the neck is minimal, stagnation and aggravation of inflammation occur, and the blood supply to the brain deteriorates.
In relatively mild cases, everything is limited to haze in front of the eyes and a slight decrease in visual acuity. These symptoms are not permanent and disappear as the patient's condition improves. Another manifestation from the side of the eyes is photopsy.
Photopsy is a simple visual hallucination in the form of a flashing point, zigzag, spot, line, etc. This alarming manifestation indicates the involvement of the occipital lobe of the brain in the pathological process. It is she who is responsible for the final formation of the "picture" before the eyes. Due to the compression of the basilar arteries that feed the occipital lobe of the brain, photopsies occur.
By themselves, photopsies in the eyes are not dangerous, but you should not neglect the examination by an ophthalmologist. the symptom is nonspecific. Perhaps we are talking about pathologies of the retina. Only when eye disorders are excluded should neurological causes be sought.
In the most severe cases, scotomas develop - areas of loss of visual fields.
In the clinical picture of the disease, the most common triad of symptoms is: dizziness with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, recurrent headache, neck pain. Similar manifestations are found in most patients. Answering the question "can the head spin with cervical osteochondrosis", it is logical to assert that not only can, but will. Otherwise, the course of pathology differs from patient to patient.
Speaking about the reasons contributing to the development of osteochondrosis, it is worth considering them together with risk factors.
The answer to the question "cervical osteochondrosis from what happens? "includes many aspects. People with a reduced level of physical activity are most often susceptible to the development of the disease. This group includes office workers, the elderly, bedridden patients. Accordingly, the following reasons stand out:
Hard physical labor is dangerous. Although the lumbosacral spine is at greater risk for excessive stress, the cervical spine is also at risk. This includes both physical work and sports, especially swimming, skydiving, diving, etc.
Careful monitoring of the health of the musculoskeletal system is also necessary for those taking corticosteroid drugs. Hormones negatively affect bones and joints, "washing out" calcium, reduce the strength of the skeleton, and weaken the muscle corset.
In the diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis, it is important to choose an understanding specialist. Let's make an analogy. In therapeutic practice, the diagnosis of acute respiratory infections is considered "junk", since this is the most general definition for all viral infections and doctors "write off" anything on it. The same is the case with cervical osteochondrosis. It is not so easy to recognize it; this requires a fair amount of care and the appointment of a number of diagnostic measures. Therefore, if a doctor immediately and without checking diagnoses osteochondrosis, this is a reason to doubt his professionalism.
Differential diagnosis is performed with hernia, myalgia, etc.
The first doctor to see is a general practitioner. The therapist is a kind of "navigator". He conducts initial diagnostics and provides the necessary referrals. The diagnosis and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis itself is carried out by two specialists: an orthopedist and a neurologist (not to be confused with a nephrologist who treats the kidneys).
The diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis is not very difficult. The system of events includes:
All the described diagnostic methods are not used very often at once (although this is not always justified). If necessary, if there is reason to assume complications of osteochondrosis, additional consultations of a rheumatologist, cardiologist, etc. are appointed.
Important!If severe neurological symptoms are observed, including numbness of the hands, other radicular syndromes, impaired neck mobility, visual impairment, etc. MRI diagnostics is indispensable.
There is a high probability of developing a hernia of the cervical spine, and this is a much more dangerous pathology. Most polyclinics do not have an MRI machine, but doctors have the opportunity to send a patient for this examination to another clinic free of charge. But professionals often neglect their responsibilities. You should not refuse the examination because of the laziness and carelessness of the doctor, the patient is the first person interested in his health, therefore it is necessary to demand a referral.
At the first manifestations of health problems, the patient usually goes for help not to the hospital, but to the Internet with requests: "how to treat vertigo in cervical osteochondrosis, photopsies, headaches, etc. "This is a disastrous practice and a dead-end path. It is impossible to independently cure cervical osteochondrosis, the patient only risks lubricating the symptoms and complicating the work of specialists.
In addition, the symptom is not subject to therapy. Therefore, it is not necessary to treat dizziness with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, treatment must eliminate the source of the problem.
The therapy is carried out in a comprehensive manner, with the use of medications, physiotherapy, physiotherapy exercises.
The basis of drug therapy is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets and ointments. These drugs for cervical osteochondrosis and dizziness help along with the relief of pain, since the main cause of vertigo is compression of the arteries that feed the cerebellum. Specific names are selected only by a doctor.
Treatment of vertigo in cervical osteochondrosis involves taking medications that improve the blood supply to the brain. They must be taken with caution and only as directed by a doctor, since such drugs have a lot of contraindications and side effects. Taking drugs of these two groups can answer the question of how to get rid of dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis. They will help restore normal blood flow.
With a pronounced pain syndrome, local blockades with a complex of drugs are prescribed. In some cases, surgical treatment is indicated, but this is rather an exception.
In most cases, conservative methods are sufficient to relieve dizziness in cervical osteochondrosis and other symptoms.
If photopsy, dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis is observed, treatment involves fixing the neck with a brace (Shants' splint).
Often, the cause of neurological (and especially visual) symptoms lies not in the structures of the spine itself, but in spasmodic muscles that compress the vessels. Hence, photopsies, dizziness with cervical osteochondrosis: the treatment of such conditions involves the use of muscle relaxants. Massage is prescribed with caution.
In the period of remission, physical therapy classes and visits to physiotherapy sessions are indicated. Depending on the nature and degree of development of the pathological process, it can be electrophoresis, ultrasound, magnetotherapy, etc. Appointments are carried out at the discretion of the treating specialist.
Osteochondrosis is not a harmless disease. Over time, it destroys the structures of the spine, causing a lot of health-threatening conditions, and significantly impairs the quality of life. It is important to see a doctor on time. It is important for the patient to understand that dizziness and nausea with cervical osteochondrosis are not subject to therapy, treatment is aimed at eliminating the cause. Therefore, you should not search the Internet for health recipes. It is impossible to cure osteochondrosis on your own; you can only temporarily relieve the symptoms.
Also, when contacting a doctor, you need to maintain a healthy share of attention to your own health. Not only with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the head is spinning, we can talk about other pathologies. Even an experienced doctor is not able to make a diagnosis "by eye". A thorough diagnosis is indispensable. It is important to consider this when choosing a doctor.