The disease is characterized by degenerative-dystrophic changes, expressed on individual vertebrae and the spine as a whole. Osteochondrosis grows "without salt" - osteophytes (hooks, bone growths). The spine becomes like a bamboo cane in shape and becomes inflexible. The vertebrae adopt the saddle configuration. The cushioning properties of the intervertebral discs are reduced, gradually reducing the distance between the vertebrae, pinching the nerve roots. Swelling forms, which further restricts the root nerve, increasing pain.
The five vertebrae of the lumbar spine receive tremendous stress every day, regardless of lifestyle.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is caused by destructive changes and can occur in any segment of the musculoskeletal system. In the absence of a treatment regimen, the disease will greatly complicate life, which is fraught with a deterioration in the patient's condition.
The causes of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are:
Degenerative manifestations of osteochondrosis occur due to stress. At risk are people who are overweight and regularly perform hard work. Everything is aggravated by a sedentary lifestyle. Lifting weights and irregular walking will only increase the flaw caused by reckless stress on the spine. Any unlawful load can lead to osteochondrosis or protrusion.
One of the common reasons for the development of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is trauma. The tendency to the formation of osteochondrosis occurs in professional athletes. Osteochondrosis manifestations and symptoms in the sacrum develop due to malnutrition, a haphazard regime of the day. It is possible to highlight the pattern of the development of the disease in people with chronic sleep deprivation, metabolic disorders. The intervertebral discs in such people really have a porous, loose structure and require treatment.
Osteochondrosis is associated with age and is diagnosed more often in old age. During many years of life, the vertebrae and intervertebral discs lose high mobility and flexibility, become unstable to traumatic factors.
Over the last decade, osteochondrosis has become "younger" - a high percentage of cases of osteochondrosis in men and women under 30 years old.
A pronounced level of pain in the lumbosacral spine is observed in patients suffering from inflammatory diseases of the joints, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis. This pathological condition complicates the course of the disease.
In severe stages of the disease, pain can occur even when coughing or sneezing!
Severe back pain accompanied by vertebrobasilar insufficiency (stroke). The patient has problems with the vestibular apparatus, dizziness, constant discomfort in the neck, numbness of the fingers or hands. Patients are diagnosed with VSD (vegetative-vascular dystonia). In severe stages of the disease, exacerbation can occur even with coughing or sneezing, with awkward movement, spontaneously at rest or only after physical exertion, spread along the back of the body. Often "gives off" to the buttocks and legs.
Regular pain in the sacrum is the main symptom of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.
Observed - general fatigue, irritability, anxiety, sleep disturbances. It is difficult for the patient to find a comfortable position in the bed. The patient feels a lack of energy. Attempts to reduce activity, lie more, gradually losing the ability to satisfy the needs of the household.
Possible complications in inflammatory processes of the lumbar spine in the urogenital system. Pain is present in the kidney area, possibly problem urination, a feeling of discomfort. The patient may become progressively worse - not only have severe back pains, but also irritation or inflammation of the sciatic nerve, which further limits the ability to move.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine affects the digestive system, kidneys, prostate in men or adnexitis in women. These patients often experience pain like an attack of gastritis, colitis, gallstones. Pain can be in the kidneys or bladder, sciatica, lumbago, sciatica. Degenerative lumbar disc disease is susceptible to treatment, and it is important not to overload the back during the recovery period.
To successfully treat osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, many of our daily habits will have to be radically changed. Work on your health every day, regularly on weekends, holidays and the rest of your life. Otherwise, even after successfully getting rid of the symptoms, the disease will manifest itself after a while. But repeated attacks of osteochondrosis occur and the patient must be physically active.
The main task of treatment is to stop the progression of the disease and the gradual forced return of the spine to the anatomical position. Degeneration of the intervertebral discs occurs due to muscle problems in the lumbar region. This muscular structure "holds" the spine and back muscles, in many ways providing the correct posture, so necessary for a healthy spine.
Defeat of the lumbar spine with osteochondrosis requires intensive treatment using various methods of stretching, chiropractic, hirudo and physical therapy, special diets and other basic procedures and conditions. The conservative treatment course lasts for three months. A specialist prescribes ointments, preparations for the removal and relief of signs of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. The gels and ointments used to combat this disease can relieve pain and stop inflammation. A combined with home remedies for joint pain - ointment and rubbing, will reduce back pain and bring relief.
It is important to remember that drugs only relieve the symptoms of the disease, but do not solve the cause - if not supported by comprehensive rehabilitation measures, the effect of it will be very short.
To cure back pain, you can not only apply ointment to the sore back, but also with special exercises under the guidance of a professional trainer. The complex at the choice of a doctor, in the first year must be under the guidance of an instructor. If the patient has a pronounced problem of being overweight, he should follow a diet and increase physical activity.
Classical medicine offers many options for the treatment and elimination of osteochondrosis. The procedures are carried out in medical centers and rarely go without hospitalization.
Therapeutic massages give good results, eliminating the blockage of the muscles of the affected section. Elimination of the antispasmodic effect - reduces pain, even without the use of drugs. Well removes the symptoms of osteochondrosis ointment based on thuja oil.
Combined method of treatment - wearing a brace. The best option is to wear a corset while walking and exercising for several hours a day. It is recommended to choose a corset after consulting an orthopedic vertebrologist. Not all construction models provide the expected relief.
Treatment invariably depends on the severity of the disease. Initial measures: physiotherapy, to stabilize the moving segments of the spine through sustained muscle strengthening, adequate pain therapy, injections, and concomitant physical treatments such as massage, thermal applications and electrotherapy. Before recommending surgery to a patient, each case should be reviewed to see which methods can be applied based on specific results and symptoms.
Based on the diagnosis, a physician prescribed therapy to block acute low back pain:
Drink plenty of water to hydrate your body, muscles, and avoid alcohol. Using a massage ointment, massage your lower back with your fingers or fists, trying to soften the tissues and muscles without overdoing it.
To prevent exacerbations (especially in the autumn-winter period), supervision by an experienced chiropractor is necessary. Doing the exercises prescribed by your doctor will strengthen your abdominal and back muscles, which keep your spine in the correct position.
It is important to develop the correct posture when sitting on a chair, learn how to get out of bed.
By the way, the bed should not be hard or soft. Avoid lifting heavy objects. Patients with osteochondrosis are shown a salt-free diet, separate meals, fasting in moderation.
The most interesting thing is reflexology or a reflexology wheel, which treats osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine as a whole, but will not touch the painful area (this is the safest treatment). A very pleasant massage, it has been practiced for many years and can help to relax, relieve pain symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, and fight a state of intense stress.