Osteochondrosis disease is directly related to metabolic disorders of the spine. It affects the intervertebral discs of a person. Most often, osteochondrosis affects the seventh cervical vertebra. Lumbar and thoracic spine lesions are also widespread. The main symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain and stiffness of movements. The main direction of treatment, in this case, is the removal of pain and tone of tense muscles.
Damage to the cervical spine is the most dangerous because it can provoke disturbances in the cerebral circulation. An exacerbation of osteochondrosis is provoked by hypothermia, infectious diseases, stress and overexertion. Starting treatment means eliminating the causes that led to the exacerbation of the disease.
In order to understand the complexity of this disease, it is necessary to understand the structural features of the human spinal column. It consists of thirty-five vertebrae and it is on it that the entire weight of the human body falls. The intervertebral disc acts as a shock-absorbing device that allows the vertebrae to cope with stress without consequences. It is a dense ring of cartilage with a semi-liquid nucleus in the middle.
It is the intervertebral discs that bear all the loads experienced by the human body when jumping, running, lifting weights. Successful treatment of the disease is the restoration of the elastic properties of the intervertebral disc.
The gradual loss of the cushioning properties of the intervertebral disc begins during the third decade of a person's life. Compaction of the liquid core occurs, and the fibrous ring loses strength and thickness. In the intervertebral disc, the fluid contracts, and the distance between the vertebrae becomes smaller. Accordingly, the amortization properties of this organ are reduced.
To reduce the load on the intervertebral discs, hook-shaped growths of the vertebrae are formed. For the mobility of the intervertebral joints, this is harmful. The widespread opinion among the population that the main cause of osteochondrosis is salt deposition is a delusion.
Trying to cure this disease by following a diet without salt will get you nowhere.
The main and most common cause of this disease is the presence of heavy loads that cause injuries to the intervertebral discs.
Herniated disc is the most common complication of osteochondrosis. Under pressure, the nucleus of the intervertebral disc breaks through the cartilaginous ring, protruding into the spinal canal, which provokes compression of the nerve roots. This process is characterized by acute pain in the lumbar region, which is given to the leg. Similar disorders occurring in the thoracic spine give off pain in the arms.
Disruption of innervation, in addition to pain, can cause tingling or numbness. If the compression of the nerve roots is prolonged, it can lead to muscle atrophy, which are innervated by the affected nerves. But, such cases are not numerous.
Pains that are caused by non-traumatic changes in the human spinal column and the muscular corset of the back are much more common. The most common cause of back pain is long-term stress, of a non-physiological nature, which causes tension in certain muscle groups. Excessive muscle tone causes pain in a specific area of the spine. As a rule, these are lingering pains in the back, which can give off painful sensations to the legs.
Treatment of this disease must begin with its diagnosis, which requires certain tests to be accurate. Since osteochondrosis, the symptoms of which can largely coincide with tumor or inflammatory processes, requires a particularly careful approach.
X-ray cannot serve as a guarantor of an accurate diagnosis, it only indirectly confirms or refutes it. Only a tomography will give the specialist a complete picture of the condition and location of the intervertebral hernia.
Treatment is prescribed solely on an individual basis. It depends on the patient's condition, and whether he has some specific symptoms in the general picture of the disease.
The conservative method is a thorough and long-term treatment of the disease using traditional protocols. It is aimed at eliminating the pain symptom, slowing down dystrophic changes in the intervertebral disc and restoring the functions of the nerve roots.
Modern medicine offers an operative way to treat this disease. The specific amount of surgical intervention is assigned depending on the degree of damage to the intervertebral disc. In acute clinical manifestations of the disease, there may be a need for urgent surgical treatment.
This method includes intensive physical therapy, certain physiotherapy procedures, manual therapy, apparatus extraction, reflexology and medications.
Long-term unhurried treatment is required for chronic osteochondrosis. Success will directly depend on the age of the patient, his general condition and conscientiousness.
Treatment of this disease requires special care, both in following the recommendations of physiotherapy exercises, and in taking medications. Treatment should not be interrupted only on the grounds that the manifestations of pain have increased, since pain is a natural reaction of the body to non-standard influences.
It is possible to achieve the maximum effect in the treatment of osteochondrosis by conservative methods only if there is a specialized medical institution, where qualified specialists work, who monitor the patient continuously.
Conservative treatment, even if complete recovery has not come, stabilizes the patient's condition for a long period.
Only the presence of a dense muscular corset that covers the spine is the key to preventing dysfunctions in the spinal column. Proper treatment is regular swimming in the pool, gymnastics, and the development of flexibility of the articular-ligamentous apparatus.
As a result of the above procedures, blood circulation in the problem area improves, the metabolism in tissues returns to normal, the respiration of the intervertebral discs increases and the intervertebral space becomes larger.
With the formation of an elastic and strong muscle corset, the load on the spine is significantly improved.