Throughout the life of the person moves due to the movable connection of bones. Joints perform a variety of functional load and have a different range of motion, depending on their location. Under the influence of a number of causes functional ability of the bone joints is reduced, which leads to the occurrence of diseases of the joints. The development of osteoarthritis entails destructive changes in the structure of the articular surfaces, hyaline cartilage and synovial fluid. The absence of symptoms in the early stages often does not allow to diagnose the disease and begin treatment. As the game progresses, these diseases bring great suffering to the patient.
Typical signs of this illness are identical to the symptoms of many other diseases of the musculoskeletal system:
Differential diagnosis at early stages is hampered by the absence or insignificant clinical manifestations. When were the first manifestations of the disease, patients often wonder: what kind of doctor treats arthritis and arthrosis?. The primary reception is the family doctor (internist), after interview and examination he gives the referral of a narrow, specialized focus for further thorough diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
What kind of doctor treats osteoarthritis, arthritis? Try to understand. After an initial examination, palpation of the joint, as well as familiarization with the history of the family doctor gives advice to conduct a baseline study of the diagnostic character. Informative method for identification of this disease are x-rays. In the beginning of the disease the pathological changes are not detected radiographically. The first signs appear much later. Marked changes in the structure of cartilage structure of the ossification nucleus of the epiphysis, the articular narrowing of the lumen.
In the last stages radiologically determined:
In addition to radiography for diagnosis prescribe such diagnostic studies:
Based on the results of diagnostic tests, the doctor determines the degree of damage of the joints and the stage of development of the disease, according to globally accepted classification.
With the first complaints most often, patients come to the appointment with a family therapist.
After careful gathering of the anamnesis the patient referred to the physicians of professional orientation, the choice of which depends on:
Currently, it is believed that the effectiveness of the treatment increases when the interaction between specialists of different orientation.
The subject specialization of the physician is diseases of the connective and bone tissue of a systemic nature, degenerative and dystrophic pathological changes in the joints, accompanied by inflammation. Often these diseases are caused by disorders of the immune system.
The rheumatologist provides the diagnosis, prevention, treatment and monitor patients with diseases of an autoimmune nature:
Indications for consultation of the doctor-rheumatologist are:
Arthritis and osteoarthritis what doctor to turn to for help?
A surgeon of high qualification engaged in diagnosis and subsequent treatment of the diseases of the joints, tendons, muscle fibers, aponeurosis, ligaments.
Advice and treatment of specialist is needed when:
To get an appointment for a doctor in specialized medical institutions of city and regional significance.
The doctor in this specialty is engaged in the identification, prevention and treatment of functional pathologies of the muscle and bone of the skeleton, were developed as a result of injuries, congenital anomalies, infectious diseases. In cases running chronic osteoarthritis, with obvious signs of deformation of the bone surfaces within the joint, and loss of mobility, it is advisable to use the services of a traumatologist and orthopedist. Traumatologist –orthopedist - a medical doctor that specializes in arthritis and arthrosis.
He is competent in such matters:
The occurrence of aches in the joints, accompanied by the creaking and clicking, pain when increasing physical load signals about possible beginning of the development of osteoarthritis. When looming a bad diagnosis – arthritis and osteoarthritis, what kind of doctor treats these diseases – this issue remains the main, if there is a need of going to doctors.
You cannot delay the visit to a medical facility, if frequent companions of physical activity are:
If not promptly seek qualified medical assistance, progressing, the disease can cause partial or complete restriction of mobility.
After reviewing the above, what kind of doctor treats arthritis and arthrosis, it is important to know who to contact initially.
So, abnormalities in the joints involved:
In addition to these specialists, to facilitate the patient's condition and the treatment of this disease can participate:
And yet the initial reception conducts family doctor (internist), who after examination based on patient complaints and objective manifestations of the disease directs it to conduct studies to diagnosis and follow-up consultation with a specialist narrow profile.
Most visitors come with complaints of pain in various joints. Specialist to whom the patient appealed with suspicion on osteoarthritis, asks a series of probing questions to determine the localization of pathology. Very often the pain radiates to the surrounding joints, making it difficult to diagnose. Bad patients characterize the pain, so the doctor asks to clearly specify the location where pain most worried about. An important manifestation of osteoarthritis is stiffness and swelling of the diseased articulation. A direct question about the presence of stiffness is not very correct, so the doctor asked about the sensations experienced by the patient during palpation. There are very worried patients who may not be able to determine the location and character of pain.
The physical examination based on palpation and is held after the poll. The doctor performs the probing fingers of the affected area visual inspection, the condition of the skin, range of motion.
The main objective is the identification of foci of pain:
What doctor treats arthritis and arthrosis? The treatment of this disease provides the possibility of collective participation of several specialists of different directions. After the initial intake and determination of manifestations of the disease, the family doctor refers the patient to a specialist. In the case where the classical examination, survey radiography of the patient and uninformative, narrow specialist, recommends further examinations. The selection circuit effect is a doctor specializing in this disease.
After receiving the results of diagnostic tests and visual examination, the doctor makes a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, with synonyms:
Osteoarthritis is a destructive and degenerative pathological processes in the joint cavity. This diagnosis requires a long period of treatment and patience on the part of relatives of the patient and the patient. In case of late detection and the lack of therapeutic effect leading to disability.
After determining the diagnosis the doctor prescribes the complex of therapeutic measures aimed at stopping the pathological process, reducing the pain symptoms and restore lost functional abilities.
Treatment can be:
In the early stages, the main method of therapy is medical treatment with the application:
In the last stages, in the absence of adequate response to therapy and in cases of severe deformation of the joints, preventing their normal functioning, appropriate surgical treatment.