Arthritis and arthrosis

At the mention of such diseases as arthritis, arthrosis, inevitably comes to mind the problems with the joints. Indeed, both of these pathologies are directly related to the musculoskeletal system, since the pathological process is localized in articular joints. And arthritis, and osteoarthritis have similar symptoms. Many patients confuse these diseases are considered to be one and the same disease, however, they have fundamental differences.

arthritis and arthrosis

What is arthritis and osteoarthritis and how they differ

Arthritis and osteoarthritis – the common diagnoses in older patients. To understand the differences between these two pathologies, consider what are arthritis and osteoarthritis and the difference between them.

Chronic disease of joints in which there is progressive deformity called arthritis. More correct name of osteoarthritis, because in the pathological process involves not only the cartilage, but eventually the bone tissue.

The immediate cause of the disease is damage to the surfaces of a joint, causing them to wear out and cease to perform their functions. A typical manifestation of osteoarthritis is severe pain when moving the limbs, as a result of worsening of the pathological process the mobility of the articulation is substantially limited. In advanced stages the joint may become immobile.

Osteoarthritis usually occurs in people over forty-five years, but in rare cases can affect the joints and young adults. Disease develops mainly in women, and it affects people who have congenital abnormalities of the limbs. Osteoarthritis leads to overweight, surgery on the joints, injury for example knee or hip. To provoke the disease can and endogenous factors such as poor nutrition or poor circulation in the joint.

Arthritis is an inflammatory pathology that is localized in the joint. This difference between arthritis and arthrosis. Inflammation can result from infection of the joint, injury, and also because of dystrophic changes in the tissues. As for arthritis, for arthritis is characterized joint pain, aggravated by movement.

The lack of proper treatment leads to complete loss of joint mobility. Arthritis is easier to distinguish, since inflammation provokes a reddening of the skin at the site of lesion, swelling. Note that arthritis is not an isolated pathology. It is a systemic disease, affecting not only the musculoskeletal system. Usually arthritis affected liver, kidney and heart. It's different from the local arthritis osteoarthritis.

Signs

signs of arthritis and osteoarthritis

The symptoms of arthritis and osteoarthritis are very similar but have significant differences. Pain is a significant symptom, coming to the fore and in case of arthrosis and arthritis. The character of the pain varies: when osteoarthritis patients experience negative feelings at the time of motor activity, as well as in increasing the load on the damaged joint.

At the initial stage the pain may not be strong. Because of this, patients do not always attach importance to such symptoms and not pay attention to the first signs of pathology. At rest the pain subsides. Only on the second and third stage, pain is present constantly. However, if successfully positioning the limb, the pain subsides. Arthritis pain does not subside, and the highest peak of its development is reached at night, closer to morning.

The crunch is a typical feature of osteoarthritis and chronic arthritis.

Crunch happens due to the decrease in the elasticity of cartilage and increasing the friction between the articular surfaces. At the initial stage, you notice the crunch of the fingers, and then affects the larger joint. A distinctive feature of the crunch in the joints – rough, dry sound of the joint.

Restriction of mobility and stiffness in the movements of the typical symptoms of arthritis, but osteoarthritis joint problems are detailed and specific, i.e. specific affected joint, and arthritis – systemic disease – the discomfort is celebrated not only in the joints but throughout the body.

Articular deformation observed in both pathologies, but have distinctive features. For osteoarthritis of the changes affect only the joint and the inflammatory process in arthritis provokes changes in the skin – you can see the swelling, redness and hyperthermia. In addition, arthritis is accompanied by General physical symptoms: the body temperature rises, there comes a typical state of fever, increased sweating, a weakness and drowsiness. Can begin conjunctivitis, complicated by chronic disease. In osteoarthritis these symptoms, but if developed arthrosis and arthritis, the inflammation will also join with osteoarthritis.

Signs of arthritis and osteoarthritis should carefully differentiate the doctor, therefore, the appearance of negative symptoms is important to consult a specialist.

Diagnosis

To begin treatment of the disease, correct diagnosis of arthritis or osteoarthritis. To hold it you can use various methods of research. Not all patients know what the doctor is engaged in articular pathologies, therefore, at the initial stage you can contact the rheumatologist or physician and then will need to consult a orthopedic surgeon.

Patients are required to appoint a blood test, which will show General changes in the body. If the results of the blood test will not show deviations, the doctors are inclined in the direction of osteoarthritis as a preliminary diagnosis.

diagnosis

With the increase of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the blood plasma is suspected rheumatoid arthritis because there is a clear indication of the inflammatory process. Usually the rate increases above 25 mm/h. an Additional confirmation sign will be and joint pain, worse at night. In fairness, we note that the increase of ESR is possible and in case of arthrosis, if acceded to inflammation.

An additional argument in favor of rheumatoid arthritis will be elevated white blood cell count. Also take blood from a vein in rheumatology sample the appearance of a special grade of – C-reactive protein which indicates inflammation. However, one should not rely only on blood tests so as to determine reliably one of the diseases on this analysis impossible. Further research was needed, constantly considering the presence of inflammatory factors in the blood.

As additional research, doctors prescribe the patient:

  • x-rays of the problem area;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • computed tomography;
  • radioisotope scanning.

Doctors consider the tests, carefully collected history and results of blood examination, after which diagnosed with a particular disease.

Treatment

To the treatment of arthritis and osteoarthritis was a success, you need to choose the right treatment strategy. Note that it is not always possible to completely cure the disease, and in some cases long-term remission is considered a huge success.

In order to remove the aggravation and to prevent the recurrence of diseases, it is imperative to treat non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Medications especially powerful impact on the body with arthritis, and also affect the positive dynamics in arthrosis.

Features of use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are as follows:

  • drugs are not recommended to drink a long time, even if they are in the process of taking do not cause negative impacts;
  • patients with pathologies of the digestive tract, disorders of the liver, kidneys and heart forbidden to take NSAIDs;
  • it is not necessary to increase the dosage of drugs without a doctor's permission, since individual sensitivities may experience a negative reaction;
  • when taking medications it is important to drink a large glass of water;
  • when taking NSAIDs is prohibited to combine several drugs, and drinking alcoholic beverages;
  • NSAIDs are forbidden during pregnancy.

Turning to the doctor to the patient after examination will prescribe the treatment most effective safe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Basically, all the drugs in this group can be divided into inhibitors of cyclooxygenase 1 and 2. The COX-2 inhibitors are considered more loyal to the body with drugs.

Useful in the treatment are drugs to relieve muscle spasm – muscle relaxants. Usually this often happens in patients suffering from osteoarthritis or arthritis. With severe pain in the joints, the muscles feel the tension, and prolonged discomfort they suffer from a lack of nutrition and oxygen, so it is very important to remove the discomfort that accompanies the illness.

In the course of therapy an indispensable condition is the normalization of metabolic processes. This becomes possible after the subside of the inflammation and muscle spasm are removed. Metabolic drugs for patients with arthritis and osteoarthritis are vitamins, anabolic steroid means and others.

To remove salts for osteoarthritis of is assigned a special number of drugs, as well as the means to achieve optimal acid-alkaline balance.

arthritis and arthrosis of the traditional treatments

To cure arthritis and arthrosis, or to obtain permanent positive dynamics, it is important to take all medications recommended by your doctor. And this should be done by the appointed doctor scheme, because even the most effective metabolic tools on the background of active inflammatory process are simply useless.

The popular treatment

Such diseases as arthritis and arthrosis, can be treated not only traditional medicines and folk remedies. Would be useful massages with products on natural ingredients, such as bee venom or snake venom. Also these drugs are and essential oils. During the massage, you can add eucalyptus and ginger oil, ginger oil, marjoram, rosemary or juniper.

Arthritis and arthrosis of the nice relaxing effect of a warm bath. They will help to relieve muscle pain and fatigue will contribute to the relaxation of the body as a whole. The best part – one drop of ginger oil and two drops of oil of oregano and black pepper in one tablespoon of olive oil. In the bath, add 15-20 drops. Very good recipe, if a patient has osteoarthritis of the feet. The bath oils can be done every evening for the night.

Great effect and has a black poplar. Not all patients know how to cure arthritis and arthrosis of the black poplar, but to do is very simple. With a healthy tree it is necessary to collect dust, the young leaves and shoots – about half a bucket, and then it all poured boiling water to edge of container and kept over night. In the morning the liquid is carefully poured into the bath, leaving the cake and immersed in it for half an hour. After the bath it is desirable to insulate and lie down in bed for an hour.

Folk remedies great help even in that case, if the patient was struck by arthrosis and arthritis – the combination of severe bone deformities along with inflammatory process in the joint. For the treatment you need to take a glass of spruce needles and pour two liters of water. Cooking tool is required for fifteen minutes, after which the broth was poured in the bath and take it to full water cooling.

Helps arthritis and osteoarthritis Senna leaves. If the patient regularly to cure this disease, the inflammation passes quickly. Senna is used as follows: two cups of dry component pour a liter of boiling water and cover for forty minutes. The liquid is then poured into the tub, add the sea salt and take, until the water of optimum temperature. After the bath and damaged from arthritis or arthritis is treated with pine oil and wrapped in a handkerchief.

Prevention

As prevention doctors give patients the following advice:

arthritis and osteoarthritis prevention
  • to fully treat all infectious diseases, not to interrupt a course of treatment with antibacterial medications, not to leave foci of inflammation in the body;
  • stick to a balanced diet;
  • wear comfortable shoes that don't hinder feet;
  • to get rid of excess weight, which puts additional pressure on the limb;
  • does cooling of the foot, to protect in wet weather and the cold season;
  • keep away from injury, and in active sports use special bandages, supports, elastic bandages;
  • to perform daily exercises, walks in fresh air to enhance blood circulation in the body, and for the early detection of symptoms of arthritis or osteoarthritis to perform a special joint exercises – exercises for the hands, ankle, knees.

Arthritis and osteoarthritis – severe lesions of the articular surfaces. The incorrect or delayed treatment, they can lead to disability, therefore, doctors strongly recommend at the first symptoms of disease be sure to consult your doctor.

29.04.2019