Deforming arthrosis of the knee: symptoms and treatment

In our days it is quite frightening statistics on the disease — deforming arthrosis of the knee joint. If earlier the disease suffered mainly by the elderly, at the present time the disease has become much "younger". Very often this diagnosis now put those who are a little over 30 years.

What is the reason? Why is this happening? What has caused this disease? What are its causes, and how manifest the main symptoms? Than to treat? Are there any traditional methods of treatment? All of these questions You can get answers after you read this article.

deforming arthrosis

Deforming arthrosis of the knee joint — description

Deforming arthrosis of the knee joint, osteoarthritis is a very common disease, particularly among the elderly. However, in recent years there has been a rejuvenation of the disease, and now the main risk group – people over 30 years old.

In addition, as mentioned above, the percentage is increasing, and the disease is "younger". This means that in the coming years, arthritis can become a very common disease, an epidemic affecting the elderly.

So today those who are not able yet to get sick, it makes sense to adhere to certain rules that will help to avoid such a fate in the future. Those recommendations will be useful to those who are already sick, because they are an important part of treatment.

Most often the disease occurs in the elderly. However, there are young people and depend on the causes.

Reasons

In people, the disease is called "calcination". However, this name does not convey the whole essence of the disease. Scientists in the field of medicine failed to the end to find out what are the causes of deforming arthrosis of the knee joint. It is considered that the main factors contributing to the development of gonarthrosis are:

  • heredity,
  • transferred earlier injury and damage
  • maintaining an incorrect lifestyle,
  • increased nervous excitability,
  • a large number of physical exertion,
  • hypothermia

Definite causes of this disease at the present time science is not known. There are many theories and hypotheses on this subject, however, so many factors involved in the disease process can not yet be attributed to any particular.

The extent of the disease

In modern medicine there are several degrees of osteoarthritis of the knee.

  1. The first degree of the disease is almost asymptomatic. Only on x-ray can be seen in small osteophytes, but even on this basis, not every doctor can make a correct diagnosis.
  2. Gonarthrosis of the second degree is also problematic in the diagnosis. The main signs of the disease in this stage is more clearly expressed in osteophytes and patient complaints on pain. Rarely a swelling in the joint.
  3. In the third degree of the disease, the patient suffers from pronounced in osteophytes, the presence of synovial fluid and a small narrowing of the joint space. Diagnosed third stage of the disease without much difficulty. Treatment of deforming arthrosis of 3 degrees should be started immediately after diagnosis.

The fourth degree of osteoarthritis involves the patient has a pronounced arthritis with significant narrowing of the joint space, often accompanied by the symptom, as the sclerosis of subchondral bone.

Diagnosis

diagnosis of osteoarthritis

A conversation with a doctor – this type of survey is often called objective. At this stage, the doctor can diagnose the disease based on the complaints of the patient, and palpation of the affected area of osteoarthritis of the limbs.

On palpation the physician should note the patient has increased pain, and possible deformity of the joint, which is found in more than 35% of people suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee.

X-ray examination is the most effective method of detecting this disease. On radiographs can be detected by marginal osteophytes, and decrease the distance between the knee and the thigh.

Laboratory studies. In this method, the detection of osteoarthritis of the knee joint takes the samples of synovial fluid, which is the main symptoms of extremity arthritis.

The diagnosis after radiological examination of the joint. According to the formation, there are three stages of development of deforming gonarthrosis. The first stage is detected by a General narrowing of the joint space and compaction of the subchondral portion of bone.

For the second stage is characterized by the appearance of bony growths (osteophytes) on the edges of the articular surfaces. Thus there is a narrowing of the joint space in two or more times compared to the norm.

At the last stage the joint space is almost invisible, found extensive growths (osteophytes) and joint deformity is almost a complete loss of mobility.

Acceleration of ESR in the blood test indicative of inflammatory activity.

Treatments

Treatment of deforming arthrosis in any case, it should be prescribed by a doctor. There are several varieties of such treatment, however, experienced doctor for the speedy achievement of the desired effect, often skillfully combines several types.

Because in order to cure the affected with osteoarthritis of the limb, need to work in several directions, which include: decrease pain, relieve inflammation in the joint, improve blood circulation in the affected area, as well as strengthen muscles and increase mobility of the joint.

Medication

This type involves mainly the use of non-hormonal drugs. Using this kind of medicine can relieve severe inflammation and pain under which it is impossible to use other methods of treatment.

In addition, the use of non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs can cause dehydration of the cartilage tissue, which can lead to accelerated destruction of the already affected by osteoarthritis of the joint. That is why any medication should be agreed with your doctor as self medication can lead to very unpleasant consequences.

To improve food joint patient prescribed chondroprotectors – substances acting on the center of disease. With their help, there is a rapid regeneration of cartilage tissue, the selection of the normal amount of joint fluid and improve its lubricating properties.

In the media very often advertise miracle creams that can heal the patient from deforming arthrosis of the knee joint of 1 degree, which is the simplest and the most severe manifestations of the disease. Of course, to believe in a full and rapid recovery is not necessary, however, ointments and creams that are created mainly on the basis of the same non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, does have its positive side.

First, these funds still reduce inflammation and pain, and second, they improve circulation. Injections into the joint are used in acute pain. They contribute to the rapid removal of pain, while removing inflammation of osteoarthritis of the affected portion of a limb.

treatments

The feasibility of this type of treatment causes a lot of disputes among experts in the field of medicine, as drugs for intra-articular injections have many serious side effects.

Nowadays it is believed that the drug may, if there is a patient of deforming arthrosis of the knee joint 2 degrees, at least, and only in cases where the disease occurs with symptoms such as swelling of the joint and accumulation of synovial fluid.

Treatment corrected only by a specialist. So, make up a complex therapy of:

  • Mode. Doctors recommend to strictly limit the load on the affected joint. Avoid prolonged fixed postures, stereotyped movements, physical loads on a specific joint. Orthopedic shoes with soft soles will also facilitate movement.
  • The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory. These drugs relieve inflammation in the affected cartilage swelling, increased secretion of inflammatory mediators (substances that cause pathological process).
  • Analgesics. Applied in the acute phase. In severe cases, every movement in the affected joint causes pain and prescribe drugs or spend novocaine blockade.
  • In chondromodulators. These drugs are used for a long time, both as supplements and as a local therapy — the gels, creams, ointments.

Surgical treatment

If the progression of the disease has led to a significant restriction of movement in the joint, which does not allow a person to walk normally and conservative treatment does not improve the situation, in this case, can be used surgical methods of correction of the affected joint.

Surgery may be aimed at removing bone spurs, leading to deformation of the joint. This treatment allows you to return your knee shape, partially restore movement and to relieve the patient from pain.

Joint replacement allows patients to significantly improve the quality of life, because with the removal of the diseased joint are removed and problems. The pain passes, but the range of motion is fully restored.

This allows the patient to lead a full life without any restrictions of physical activity and permanent medication.

Do not forget that the methods described here treat the only for learning, and not as a guide to action. In each case, the decision should be made by the attending physician.

Laser therapy

Laser therapy is used as the main method of treatment (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, stimulant effects) in the early stages of the disease, and as a factor that can reduce the use of corticosteroid and the manipulation of the bones and joints in later stages.

The decompression of meta-and epiphysis of the bone inside of the blockade's Success from the use of this technique varies from 40 to 90 %. The effectiveness of treatment is increased when using non-traumatic and affordable outpatient method tonalitatii zone meta-epiphysis with bone decompression and therapeutic blockades.

atros physical therapy

Physical therapy

Promote the recovery of the joint can be not only medical methods (however they do not replace take drugs).

Its use in the cure make various physiotherapeutic procedures: electrophoresis and phonophoresis with hydrocortisone, laser therapy, magnetic therapy, ultraviolet irradiation. These methods improve the blood supply to the cartilage and contribute to its regeneration.

Massage also helps the joint recover. Special therapeutic massage leads to vasodilation, thereby improving blood circulation in the joints and in cartilage tissue penetrate various active substances, which help him to build up.

A specially selected set of exercises physical therapy helps to strengthen muscles of the femur and tibia, not involving the patient's joint. This gives the body the ability to ease the load on the bad knee.

Traditional medicine

Treatment of folk remedies of deforming arthrosis of the knee joint is often used in conjunction with the medical method and medical gymnastics. Before using this method of getting rid of osteoarthritis, you also need to consult with your doctor. Are several of the most popular recipes.

  • In a bottle made of dark or opaque glass to lay flowers and dandelions, so they filled the capacity exactly half. The remaining half of the bottle, pour vodka and insist in a cool dark place 1 month. After the infusion is ready, you should RUB it into your knees every day before going to sleep.
  • Using a blender or grinder grind 200 g celery (root) and a few lemons of medium size. Pour the mixture which is poured in a glass jar with boiling water, wrap with a cloth and leave for a day. This infusion should be taken within three months of 2 tablespoons a day.
  • Blue clay mixed with water to the consistency of thick rustic cream. Put the mixture on gauze and apply to the affected area for 1.5-2 hours. Repeat this procedure every day before going to sleep, and every time you need to use fresh clay.
  • Make ointment by mixing 50 ml corn, sesame and olive oil. Add the mixture and 1 tbsp of birch buds and ginger, 1 head of garlic, 0.5 teaspoon hot pepper, 1 tsp salt. The resulting composition mix, boil in a water bath, before applying the ointment to warm up to body temperature. RUB and massage for 12-15 minutes in a day.
  • Partitions walnuts pour alcohol and insist 20 days. Daily RUB into the joint and drink 1 teaspoon of tincture of walnut 2 times a day.
  • To mix equal parts of Helichrysum, URSI, St. John's wort, horsetail and nasturtium. 1 part of the mixture add 3 parts of boiling water. Leave for 5 hours and drink 0.5 cups every day for 21 days. Yes, arthrosis deformans is a serious disease. treatment of folk remedies, as well as traditional medicine requires long courses and a comprehensive approach.

Prevention

osteoarthritis prevention

For prevention of osteoarthritis is appointed medical gymnastics and other kinds of therapy, massage, and heat and water treatments. Recommended Spa treatment: mineral and radon baths.

Spa treatment helps prevent worsening of the disease and ensure a comprehensive rehabilitation that includes the positive influence of therapeutic muds, baths, saunas, physiotherapy, massage, physical therapy.

The important role played by the change of scenery, removal of stressful influences, being in the fresh air. A Spa treatment can only be performed without exacerbation of the disease.

25.03.2019