This article details considered so common and hard portable the illness as arthrosis of the foot. In addition, lit the symptoms and treatment of the disease.
The arthrosis is a degenerative joint disease, along with lesions of the cartilage is concentrated in muscle and bone fibers. Most often, the disease manifests itself in the metatarsal phalangeal part of the thumb. Thus there is deformation, which cause subsequent negative changes in the structure of the feet.
The specificity of the disease consist in a special configuration of the foot, which consists of a considerable number of small joints, plexus of nerves and the vascular system. As a rule, patients suffering from this disease for about 45 years.
And arthritis and arthritis are diseases that affect human joints, which leads to a significant deterioration in the patient's lifestyle. Despite the consonance of the names, these two diseases have fundamental differences.
Arthrosis is a pathology of the articular cartilage and the adjacent bone tissue, leading to a systematic degeneration of the joint under the action of the workers of physical activity. The disease mainly characteristic of the older generation. Among the many reasons for the progression of osteoarthritis is traumatic, excessive exercise that took place prior to the beginning of the degenerative process.
Arthrosis can not be called inflammation. However, today many professionals claims that the inflammatory process is one of factors of occurrence and progression of osteoarthritis. Joint and nearby tissues over time are rearranged due to the presence of loads that they are no longer able to withstand. This deviation has a very slow development.
Arthritis is an inflammatory process in the joint. During the development of the pathology is destruction of the articular cartilage under the influence of inflammatory agents and immune system. This disease is prevalent among the most healthy and young people.
Most often, the arthritis progresses due to autoimmune factors, that is to defeat the immune system tissue of the body. This is the result of genetic abnormalities or infectious lesions.
Infection plays a key role in causing arthritis, as by bacteria, antigens which is similar to the human protein, the antibody synthesis, damaging their tissue. Usually the negative impact affects not only the joints but also heart and kidneys.. that is why you need to treat or get rid of tonsils with recurrent tonsillitis to avoid further complications on the heart and other organs.
Unlike flat feet, arthritis is the acute course with pronounced clinical manifestations. Patients present temperature, local swelling, severe pain in the place of sickness and other related symptoms.
A scenario for further development depends on the kind of arthritis. Mainly after acute start of the disease stops, but acquired anatomical changes in the joints are, increasing the likelihood of further progression of osteoarthritis. Sometimes there are recurrences of acute phase with pain in joints, elevated temperature, etc.
Because osteoarthritis is an inflammatory disease, it is possible to stop taking anti-inflammatory drugs. Osteoarthritis to cure is difficult because it is chronic, gradually progressive destructive changes in the joints.
The causes of arthrosis of the joints of the foot are mainly poor blood flow, deterioration of supporting tissue due to injury or age-related changes.
For effective treatment we need to know what is osteoarthritis of the foot. The following describes its main root causes:
In addition, there are the following causes of arthrosis:
To cure this disease fully not possible, but to significantly improve the quality of life of the patient, by stopping any further degenerative tendencies – is quite real. In this regard, the flat feet of the legs needs to be treated after identifying the primary signs of the disease.
For all physicians is very important question: "How to identify arthritis of the foot?".
The disease gives himself the presence of the following symptoms:
Since pathology is the cause of the deformation of the joints, in the future, the patient usually observed gait disturbance.
In addition, the disease is osteoarthritis of the foot characterized by the following features:
Since this disease affects not only cartilage, bone fibers, but the muscle tissue, signs of arthrosis also include changes in the structures of the muscles.
As noted above, the foot consists of many small joints. For this reason, a destructive trend is possible in any place. By its localization, arthrosis of the foot is divided into various types. In particular:
In addition, according to the source, the degree of development of arthrosis is divided into the following types:
According to the type of joint destruction by a physician chosen a specific set of actions.
To the elimination of arthrosis is successful, the pathology you need to correctly identify. Each stage of disease progression involves a complex therapeutic measures. In particular, there are three stages of progression:
Diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the foot consists of the following procedures:
In addition, a sizing of the foot.
To finally cure this disease at the moment, medicine not. But patients definitely need to undergo therapies in order to avoid the complete loss of the possibility of movement of the joint.
When the drug treatment the following drugs:
Along with drugs in medicine widely used non-pharmacological ways of dealing with the disease:
Physiotherapy (physical therapy). This method is useful at any stage of the disease. You need to remember that gymnastics is the key to cure and prevention of osteoarthritis of the foot. Therefore, such procedures are mandatory for patients with such a diagnosis.
Arthrosis of the joints of the foot is a complex disease, with specific symptoms and treatment. The success of the medical procedures depends on the patient doing the correct lifestyle. First, you need to exclude alcohol, unhealthy foods and also stop Smoking. To eat in small doses, with the best will five meals a day. A day the patient should drink at least one and a half liters of fluid.
Preventive measures involve simple exercises that will have on the musculoskeletal system strengthening effect.
Besides, medicine recommends a series of preventive measures against the emergence and further development of arthrosis. In particular:
This disease can significantly spoil the life of any person, often leading to disability. But greatly enhance the patient's ability can only prevent the disease and its timely treatment.