Osteoarthritis is a severe joint disease that occurs with a progressive degeneration of cartilage, it becomes thinner and breaks down. Subsequently, the process involves the ligaments and bone tissue. Treatment of arthrosis of joints is aimed at halting the progression of the disease, alleviation of pain, prevention of complications and restoration of mobility of the patient's joint.
To treat disease, we need complex and long, with the selection of individual regimens of drugs and non-pharmacological means.
All methods of treatment of osteoarthritis can be divided into 4 groups:
unconventional ways of traditional medicine.
Often patients the question arises: where to treat arthritis? The initial stages are treated in a rheumatology hospital. Patients requiring surgical intervention, hospitalityat in orthopaedic or surgical ward.
At the initial stage of the disease the main treatment methods without medication.
Therapy drugs is the main method of treatment. The choice of drugs for the treatment of osteoarthritis is not so great, all the tools can be divided into two large groups:
Symptomatic treatment is intended to correct the main manifestations of the disease and patients are appointed in the first place. Chondroprotectors help to stop the progression of the disease and should be taken a long period of time.
One of the first symptoms of osteoarthritis is pain. To remove it help means that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory action. For quick reduction of pain can be used the local forms of drugs in the form of ointments and gels, but their effect is short-lived.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. For treatment of joints is preferable to use selective NSAIDs, which act primarily on joint tissues without affecting other organs.
When using NSAIDs it is necessary to remember that you cannot apply more than one NSAID. The drug should be replaced, if no effect of therapy in 2 weeks. The doctor should find the lowest dose of NSAIDs in pill that will reduce pain.
Glucocorticosteroid hormones have a dual effect. On the one hand the hormone protects the cartilage from destruction and reduces the inflammatory process, but on the other, destroys the cartilage tissue with prolonged exposure. Therefore, to treat their osteoarthritis should be strictly under medical supervision. It is often more efficient to use corticosteroids in the form of intra-articular injections, which have fewer side effects.
Treatment of osteoarthritis using chondroprotectors involves their long-term permanent admission. The effect of these funds comes delayed between 2 to 8 weeks after starting.
All these drugs have a stimulating effect on cartilage tissue, some of them slightly relieve the pain.
In addition to traditional methods the use of traditional medicine can give some positive effect. Apply:
All the folk methods should be used only under the supervision of the attending physician and in no case can not replace the main conventional treatment.
Operative treatment of osteoarthritis are used in cases where drug therapy does not give the desired effect. There are several types of surgical intervention:
Developed modern methods of surgical interventions such as transplantation of tissues and cells of cartilage. First and foremost, they aimed at preventing the development of disease and removal of its main manifestations.
Despite the fact that arthritis is considered an incurable disease, early and comprehensive treatment allows you to stop the process of destruction of cartilage and to preserve mobility in joints. A full and accurate compliance with all recommendations of the attending physician helps to avoid disability and significantly improves the quality of life of patients.