Deforming arthrosis

Deforming arthrosis is a degenerative disease, resulting in degraded cartilage surface of the joint. According to statistics, this disease affects about 5 percent of the total population of the planet. The disease has a progressive character. As a consequence, disrupts the structure of the joint, its function. Each stage is accompanied by a pronounced pain syndrome.

deforming arthrosis

In the main risk group is the elderly. However, the last time in the category of a predisposition to the disease are young people (25 years). The latter may be due to heavy physical exertion, sports injuries, lifestyle.

The factors contributing to the development of the disease

The main reason why starts the process of destruction, it is a violation of nutrition of articular (hyaline) cartilage. However, by itself such a reason can not arise. The beginning of this process promotes the following:

  • the blood circulation;
  • infectious diseases of the joints;
  • diseases associated with metabolic disorders, hormonal;
  • injuries and overload of the joints, prolonged heavy lifting;
  • obesity;
  • age-related changes in the body.

Common symptoms of the disease

At the first degree of the development of the disease almost does not show. In some cases, the pain may be brief in nature. During the transition to the second stage one can observe the following:

  • the increased pain even at rest;
  • redness of the joint, swelling;
  • deformation;
  • the restriction of motor functions.

The higher the degree of damage, the brighter the pain and more pronounced deformation.

The extent of damage

There are three degrees of defeat:

deforming arthrosis of the degree
  • first degree — slight pain, rapid "fatigue" of the joint;
  • second degree — the starting pains;
  • third degree – full servitutem joint, people could only walk with a support element and a short time.

It should be noted that the treatment of folk recipes may be appropriate only when the initial degree of destruction of joint disease.

Subtypes of deforming arthrosis

Deforming arthrosis may concern:

  • knee joint;
  • of the foot;
  • shoulder joint;
  • of the hip joint.

According to statistics, the disease more often affects men than women.

Gonarthrosis (knee strain)

Deforming arthrosis of the knee joint is characterized as an acute inflammatory process which is accompanied by a pronounced pain under exertion or walking. As a rule, early rest, the pain of a man is not worried. The symptoms of this subtype of the disease are the following:

  • sharp pain that has a tendency to increase;
  • the joint begins to "react" in wet weather;
  • stiffness in the movements in the morning, the person needs to "go away";
  • creaking, crunching in the joint;
  • the knee swells, becomes red.

Please note that with the development of deforming arthrosis of the knee joint pain will increase. Over time, the patient can no longer walk without support, it significantly reduced motor activity. As a result, developing muscle hypertrophy, the formation of contractures.

Treatments

If you have stiff knee joint endoprosthesis is used. Timely operation allows him to fully recover. However, this would require rehabilitation, physical therapy course. To before surgery to reduce pain, physiotherapy can:

deforming arthrosis treatment
  • phonophoresis;
  • magnetic and laser therapy;
  • UHF.

The use of anti-inflammatory drugs, folk remedies, will only allow for a short time to reduce pain. However, the problem will not solve it. On the contrary, the disease will only grow, though the pain symptoms and become less.

Deforming arthrosis of the foot

Deforming arthrosis of the foot are virtually not curable. As the practice of medicine, the disease almost always ends in ankylosis. As a result, the patient is assigned to a disability. Surgical intervention was practised only in the case that physiotherapy course and no medical treatment gives positive dynamics. Treatment prognosis depends on the extent of damage. The symptoms are almost the same as that for osteoarthritis of the knee. However, additionally there is deformity of the ankle.

As for treatment, the rate is prescribed depending on the degree of development of the disease. It should be noted that in this case, the emphasis is on special shoes. If surgery is inevitable, it is possible to use the following:

  • the endoprosthesis;
  • arthroscopic debridement;
  • arthrodesis.

Deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint

Metros or deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint is most often the result of trauma rarely results in significant deformity. This pathology has almost no effect on disability, as the source of the violation is located in an inactive part of the body. Deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint can develop in people of different age groups.

The treatment is virtually the same as when deforming arthrosis of the knee, however, the emphasis, in this case, is on conservative therapy. Surgery is indicated only in cases where there is a significant deterioration in the patient's life.

Deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint is the most "harmless" subtype of osteoarthritis, as at least deforms and destroys the joints. However, this does not mean that the symptoms are to ignore, and to treat it is not necessary. In the untimely appeal to the specialist can develop various complications to treat which will be much harder.

Deforming arthrosis of the hip joint

Deforming changes of the hip joint in medicine is often called osteoarthritis. Deforming arthrosis of the hip is diagnosed in almost 50% of all types of joint diseases. This is because this zone is for all human life is subject to constant physical stress.

Symptoms:

deforming arthrosis of the hip joint
  • inguinal pain with the transition to the buttocks, especially when stress;
  • muscle weakness, increased pain;
  • the constant character of the pain, which is not reduced even when taking analgesic;
  • atrophy of muscle groups and almost complete immobility of the joint.

If the disease is diagnosed at early stages, it is possible to do medical treatment and physiotherapy. But in the third degree lesions (late stage) necessarily surgery — arthroplasty.

Osteoarthritis of the fingers

In addition to these subtypes of the disease distinguish between osteoarthritis of the hands. This subtype typically for women 40 years and for the elderly. Osteoarthritis of the hands is manifested in the form of nodules Bouchard and Heberdena. Most often they are formed on the side surface of the joint. Itching, or peeling not observed.

Gradually starts on the curvature of the phalanges fingers. Brushes become less mobile, in some cases, there is synovitis, with a pulsating pain. If time does not begin treatment, the mobility of the fingers and the brush itself is almost completely disappears. In other words, impaired fine motor skills.

Start the disease it is impossible. Immobility of the hands and fingers may lead to the loss of health. The result of this arrangement of one – disabilities. To prevent this it is really, if promptly seek medical help. In this case, the movement of the hands can be fully restored. The course of treatment is prescribed standard. By the way, early on to achieve success in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hands can and by folk medicine. However, treatment with these funds to better align with the doctor.

General treatment of deforming arthrosis

The methods used depend on the degree of joint damage and involved in the pathology of the parts. In any case, conservative therapy, even if it is hands. In the mandatory program are the following:

  • weight reduction (if required);
  • to reduce the load on the joints;
  • the use of growth factors in cartilage tissue;
  • the use of metabolites;
  • the use of quinolones drugs.

Well as to relieve pain and slow the inflammatory process prescribed anti-inflammatory therapy.

treatment folk methods

Treatment folk methods

It is necessary to take into account that the treatment of folk remedies is not always advisable. Most often, it can be considered as a valid tool if the disease is in primary stage. Then with the help of folk remedies is still possible partially to remove inflammation, pain. Typically, this is the following:

  • ointment on the basis of herbs, tinctures, body fat (in the manufacture of such national resources should strictly adhere to the recipe);
  • compresses to the joints (especially effective in the case when the disease struck hands);
  • lotions based on alcohol (effective remedy);
  • bandage with herbs.

However, you should pay special attention to the fact that the treatment of folk remedies is possible only in the case if you combine it with conservative therapy. Folk remedies can be considered only as an alternative method of treatment, but not the main one. To use them without a doctor's prescription is still not recommended, as it can only worsen the situation.

Forecast

Without proper treatment, the disease leads to the fact that the mobility of the joint is almost completely disappears. As a consequence, you might lose performance. This is especially important in the pathology of the hands, the hip joint. If it fails to start a course of conservative therapy and physiotherapy, which can be reinforced by folk remedies, it is possible to complete the restoration. The average course of treatment, without consideration of surgical intervention, last for 1-2 months.

Prophylaxis of deforming arthrosis

Prevention appropriate only in the case if the disease has not yet begun to develop. The most effective methods are:

deforming arthrosis prevention
  • moderate load (especially for those who are involved in sports and dance);
  • sports;
  • proper nutrition;
  • protect yourself from injury, infectious and inflammatory processes.

If the symptoms arose, it is not necessary to apply directly for advice in the Internet, to resort to treatment of folk remedies, to independently develop the affected joints (hands, knee, foot, etc.). So you can only worsen the situation.

05.02.2019