Shoulder joint arthrosis — symptoms and treatment

Shoulder joint arthrosis is a disease caused by degenerative changes of the cartilage and adjacent bone tissue. This pathology is prone to a chronic progressive course, in the later stages causes deformation and persistent dysfunction of the hand.

arthrosis of the shoulder joint

Under the influence of minor wounds and inflammatory process, the cartilage gradually becomes thinner, is covered with cracks, which are filled with salt deposits, contributing to the destruction of cartilage tissue. With the development of the disease, lasting for years, there is a change in bone structure, which is compacted and deformed. Initially, people will not feel anything, but when there is pain in the shoulder joint, should immediately go to the doctor.

Osteoarthritis of the shoulder is distributed widely and everywhere, but not hopeless. To treat the disease need a long time, but with proper hold it can count on a good result.

Causes

The disease develops gradually and cause it the beginning of may:

  • prolonged lack of blood supply to the joint is the result of vascular disorders (vascular disease, diabetes, atherosclerosis, varicose veins);
  • a shoulder injury in which the shoulder joint is deformed and inflamed;
  • regular high loads on the joint — have a place in the professional activities of movers and builders;
  • congenital or acquired defect of the joint (including congenital abnormalities associated with lack of collagen).

Risk factors for the development of deforming arthrosis of the shoulder joint are:

  • acute and chronic diseases of the joints (arthritis, synovitis);
  • physical inactivity and excess weight;
  • osteoporosis;
  • chronic endocrine or autoimmune diseases (gout, lupus erythematosus);
  • unfavorable heredity — the risk of developing osteoarthritis is higher among those people whose parents suffered from this disease;
  • older age (age deformation of the joint develops in about 80% of the 70-year-olds).

The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

For osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint characterized by a long development, sometimes in the initial stages the symptoms did not manifest itself.

Shoulder arthritis usually indicate:

shoulder joint arthrosis symptoms
  1. The first and often the only symptom of shoulder osteoarthritis is pain. In the first period of illness, she rarely appears in the form of weak echoes in the awkward twist of the wrist or during exercise. Gradually, the pain amplified, harassing night, in the awkward position of the hands, with a sharp movement. The more advanced the arthrosis is, the more strong becomes pain
  2. Swelling, increase of the General temperature and location of the affected joint, redness. These signs confirm the presence of inflammation in the diseased joint.
  3. Painful crunching, creaking in the joint. There is, as a rule, due to deposited in the diseased joint salts (osteophytes). Initially appears weak, as if squeaking rustle in the diseased joint, with the course of the disease, it goes in a distinct, crisp clicks, audible even at some distance from the patient.
  4. Hardening of the joint. This symptom appears when the extent of the disease in connection with a bone outgrowths that cover the joint.
  5. Violations of motor functions. Patient due to pain is difficult to cope with seemingly simple tasks such as combing. By the way, this is one of the test movements for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Difficult are also given a rotational motion and an attempt to take back a hand. If you do not get timely treatment, then gradually the shoulder joint and, accordingly, the arm stopped moving, evolving contracture.

Do not put off going to the clinic if you suddenly began to experience shoulder pain, especially after injury or dislocation. After all, in the later stages osteoarthritis is virtually untreatable. Note that some patients actually may not have any signs of the disease.

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint 1 degree

Morphological tissue of the joint in this step vary slightly. The occurrence of pain is possible after weight lifting or performing repetitive movements of the shoulder. The cartilage becomes less elastic. Now it is able to withstand lower loads than before.

Before you move your hand after a long sleep or being at rest, the patient is required to develop it , making slow movements. Conducting radiographic examinations showed no changes of tissues. Inflammation of the shoulder joint observed after the surge. Patients usually do not pay attention to light discomfort in the region of the shoulder for osteoarthritis of 1 degree, writing off all of the possible stretching or increased physical activity. However, this negligence can lead to serious consequences.

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint of 2 degrees

In this case the symptoms of osteoarthritis become more noticeable. Tissue of the shoulder joint undergo significant changes. Thinning of cartilage leads to the appearance of defects during the movement you hear a crunch. Inflamed synovium.

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint 2 affects not only the cartilage, but menisci and ligaments inside the joint. These changes lead to limitation of function of the muscles. Over time, they may even atrophy. To prevent this, it is important to seek help from a doctor.

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint of 3 degrees

At this stage the tissue changes of the shoulder joint is hard to miss. The joint is deformed largely and almost motionless, as broken friction between the articular surfaces. If you do not stop the process of destruction of bone and cartilage, there was complete immobilization.

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint of 3 degrees is treated the most difficult and requires surgery. Therefore, it is important not to run disease. But arthrosis of the shoulder joint of 3 degrees is rare. The destruction of cartilage to such an extent can be caused only emergency loads.

arthritis shoulder joint treatment

How to treat arthrosis of the shoulder joint?

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the shoulder is gradual, each stage of the disease as the severity is correlated with certain therapy methods. For example, at the initial stage of the disease is very good results are given physiotherapy, and at a late stage can only help surgical transplantation of the shoulder joint.

Medicines from the following groups:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory means of actions that prevent inflammation.
  2. Help Chondroprotectors to restore cartilage, reduce pain, relieve symptoms and prevent the disease to progress (don).
  3. Disease requires the use of different anesthetics and analgesics to reduce the pain.
  4. No less important, and muscle relaxants. They help to get rid of muscle spasms, normalize the condition of the tissue.
  5. A variety of drugs to improve microcirculation in joints.
  6. Excipients: this is usually a complex of vitamins, collagen.

Any treatment becomes even more effective if it includes physiotherapy: cryotherapy, various kinds of massage, acupuncture, therapeutic baths, mud baths or lotions, laser and magnetic therapy. If all else fails or the disease is diagnosed too late, it is necessary to resort to surgical intervention and to replace the destroyed osteoarthritis artificial joint prosthesis.

Exercises for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

Specially selected exercises physical therapy you can perform at home, starting with 5 minutes a day and gradually increasing the duration of employment for up to 20 minutes. This is a mandatory element of the therapy of this disease.

The simplest and most effective exercises are the following:

  • Swing arm. For this to sit on a chair, dangling and loosing a hand. Without bending at the elbow to perform its movement back and forth. Repeat 10 times with each hand.
  • Lifting and lowering of the shoulder. To sit on a chair, at the same time, then alternately lower and raise the shoulders. Repeat 10 times.
  • The rotation of the shoulders. Alternately or simultaneously rotate shoulders back and forth. Repeat 10 times.
shoulder joint arthrosis physical therapy

Physical therapy

Physiotherapy treatment in the absence of contraindications widely used for the treatment of osteoarthritis in conjunction with other events. They help to enhance the effect of drugs, reduce their dosage to avoid side effects. It can be prescribed from the first days of the disease and to combine with drug therapy.

The main physiotherapy used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, the following:

  • electrophoresis;
  • ultrasound;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • laser treatment;
  • phototherapy.

Under their influence reduced inflammatory response, improves regeneration processes, normalizes vascular tone, blood flow and lymph flow. In the end, improves metabolic processes in the joint are supplied with more nutrients, making it more resilient.

Massage

Massage for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint is best done directly after school gymnastics and gymnastics. This will help to improve blood circulation in the shoulder joint and will help to restore cartilage.

To massage can only be provided residat acute pain, while reducing inflammation.

During the procedure massaged not only a sore shoulder, but the collar area on both sides, and the area of the forearm.

Diet

The basic principles of the diet:

  1. Reduce the portion size but increase the number of methods ( there are small portions, but often).
  2. To increase the consumption of dairy foods, which are sources of calcium, as well as seafood and fish (source of collagen and phosphorus).
  3. Limit sweet, starchy, fatty and salty foods.
  4. Reduce salt intake to a minimum.
  5. To replace the consumption of animal fats dairy and vegetable.
  6. To include in the diet more fresh fruits and vegetables.

When osteoarthritis is in any case can not be hungry – the menu should be designed in such a way that no harm to the body to increase the flow of nutrients, and reduce the amount of harmful products.

shoulder joint arthrosis traditional methods

People's ways

At home available to apply the following methods:

  • A tablespoon with a slide of oat flakes pour two cups of water and put on fire to boil for 10 minutes. The resulting mass is cooled to skin bearable temperature and applied to a piece of gauze. This compress is applied on the aching joint for one hour. This method will help to remove the pain symptoms.
  • Salt compress is also good for inflammation. Preparing a salt solution to which 50 grams of salt dissolved in 500 grams of water. The resulting solution is lowered cheesecloth for three hours, after holding it squeezed, the fabric is heated and apply on the affected joint.
  • For grinding good tincture of elecampane. When preparing 100 grams of dry roots of the plant insist on a glass of strong vodka and applied to the affected area up to 5 times daily. This tincture stimulates circulation and relieves pain.
  • Healing broth. In a metal bowl mix half of the celery root, 3 root parsley, and a little black pepper. Vegetable mix with three glasses of water and boil under lid for 10 minutes. The resulting decoction is administered orally before each meal up to two weeks.

Traditional ways are not able to completely displace the drug treatment, as an additional means of combating disease.

25.01.2019