Ankle osteoarthritis – a chronic disease of degenerative type. First thing that undergoes loss is cartilage.
Then the painful process proceeds to other parts of the joint: synovium, capsule, ligaments, bones and nearby muscles. Cause of osteoarthritis can be injury, overexertion, improper working of metabolic processes, inflammation, etc.
Most often, the disease begins to appear without any reason. The first symptoms of osteoarthritis is pain with any movement of the joints.
Why does osteoarthritis of the ankle joint, and what is it? The ankle joint is a connection between the talus bone of the foot bones of the lower leg. The joint has no mobility and is implementing a tergo and plantar flexion and extension of the foot, and a small lateral movement.
Because of its location, this joint is feeling the effects of the entire mass of the body. This leads to high loads on it and as a consequence may cause its overload, which ultimately results in such disease as osteoarthritis of the ankle joint.
Aggravating factors are:
Plays an important role and the traumatic nature of the development of arthrosis. After injuries, especially those that were not treated, can develop so-called post-traumatic arthrosis of the ankle joint.
Osteoarthritis of the ankle is of two types:
Manifestations of arthrosis of the ankle occurs imperceptibly at first manifested the crunch in the joint, and later slight pain during exercise.
The first signs of osteoarthritis of the ankle most often pass completely unnoticed. Symptoms each person may be different, and the severity of the inflammatory reactions depends on the stage of the disease.
However, symptoms of osteoarthritis of the ankle joint (see photo) can be recognized by a specific clinical picture:
If time does not go to the doctor in the joints of the foot begin a more difficult process. The pain will intensify, and the beginning of the movement will cease to get rid of them. The discomfort becomes persistent in the joints or pronounced stiffness and limited mobility.
In the next stage of development of the disease occurs deformity of the joint. In the most advanced cases, the joint is completely destroyed, which leads to disability.
To assist in accurate diagnosis allows rheovasography, additionally, the ankle x-rayed x-rayed. Blood tests are taken. Usually these clinical studies is to identify the presence of arthrosis or arthritis, and then have chosen the proper treatment.
With regard to the question of how to treat ankle osteoarthritis, arthritis of any etiology and localization are treated with the same scheme. Therapy includes the following components:
The method of choice (conservative or surgical) depends on what stage is the development of the pathological process.
All therapeutic drugs used for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the ankle joint, are divided into two groups: rapid-acting drugs, and drugs in slow motion.
Representatives of these groups have different influence on the disease and benefit the body. Thus, drugs quick actions only treat the symptoms reduce pain in the ankle joint. The delayed-action drugs inhibit the progression of ankle osteoarthritis, i.e. partially suspend the further course of the disease.
Surgical treatment is used when the treatment at home was ineffective, and the patient is no movement in the ankle joint.
The most popular method of surgical treatment is joint replacement or joint replacement implant, made of high-tech materials.
The operation can be carried out if the bone is healthy, and from other systems there are no restrictions to operations.
They are used directly for local treatment in the home, as a rule, contain in their composition the pain killers.
Usually ointment can achieve obvious therapeutic effect, especially when combined with other medications.
Exercises for osteoarthritis the effective way to develop a joint, to improve nutrition in the tissues, accelerate metabolism. It is important to remember that the chosen instructor exercises should be performed during remitting symptoms. Joint stress is selected taking into account age, stage of the disease.
Well-chosen exercises bring only benefits and not the pain and discomfort. Of other means of physical therapy shortens treatment time laser therapy, massage, magnet therapy.
If developed ankle arthritis, an obligatory component of treatment needs to be physiotherapy. Although some doctors are quite skeptical of this type of treatment. However, the application of magnetic therapy, electrophoresis and phonophoresis with corticosteroids, paraffin enhances the effect of medicines and reduces swelling and inflammation in tarso..
However, such treatment should be carried out only in remission (remission) arthritic processes. The effect of the module can be mounted Spa treatment at mud cure resorts.
Prevention of osteoarthritis is the simple rules:
The effectiveness of treatment of deforming arthrosis of the ankle joint depends on its stage of development and presence of comorbidities.