Symptoms and signs of osteoarthritis, the main treatment methods
To understand the specifics of the disease and be armed with the necessary basic knowledge, consider what is arthritis: its symptoms and treatment. Destruction of cartilage occurs gradually and at first people may not be aware of its signs. The slightest injury and overload, dislocations and subluxations help the development of the disease. The aging cartilage is worse recovering from them and deposited salt injury and scarring. The articular surfaces are not as smooth and when driving injured even more. A particular crunching, pain and swelling. Gradually, the joint may be deformed.
A major role in the emergence of the disease heredity plays a. If parents had this disease, then the probability of its appearance in children. The disease can significantly "younger".
Great importance have an uneven load on the joints. They are exposed to people who perform sitting and standing work related to the profession: barbers, salesmen, drivers, and currently those who for a long time on the computer.
Also affect large joints exercise. They suffer from sportsmen, builders, porters, miners. Cause arthritis can endocrine diseases (obesity, diabetes) in women during menopause – hormone deficiency, which makes the cartilage vulnerable to injury and stress.
Osteoarthritis suffer more than women – 87%, in men it is observed from 83% at the age of 55-65 years. The disease can affect almost any joints. It is divided into primary and secondary arthrosis. The primary form begins with no discernible reason in the age of 40 years and affects many joints simultaneously. It may be accompanied by increased blood pressure, impaired lipid metabolism, atherosclerosis, etc. most Often, the arthritis is localized on the fingers.
Secondary osteoarthritis can develop at any age, it affects one or more joints of the limbs and spine. In this form of the disease the articular slits are narrowed, and the surface of the bone is thickened due to bone growths.
For example,in lesions of the ankle joint is observed pain in the anterior surface of the joint, swelling, limited mobility, lameness, deformation of the joint appear most often in football players, runners, dancers.
To determine the form of the disease and its causes can only be a doctor. This is done by a comprehensive examination of the patient. The estimated state of the whole organism. For this purpose the research system: a survey of the patient (anamnesis) with the aim of identifying previously transferred diseases and injuries, radiographic examination, laboratory tests, instrumental and special examinations to get the complete picture. It is not always easy to determine the degree of development of osteoarthritis: when significant changes in x-ray images of the patient may not have severe pain and Vice versa: when the strongest pain changes in the pictures very minor.
The treatment of arthritis today is a serious and urgent problem. And although the number of drugs used for arthritis, is constantly increasing, they render only symptomatic effect. And while none of the drugs are not a panacea in the treatment of joints. Because the strategy of treatment the doctor chooses and helps the patient himself. Treatment should be complex.
The first action is the removal of pain. In the period of exacerbation of the disease aching joints need to rest and reduce stress. It is recommended to unload them with the help of a cane, crutches or Walker. Avoid prolonged standing or staying in a bent position. Parallel to this are the group of drugs that "restore" the affected joint mechanical and are a kind of lubrication of the articular surfaces. They prevent further destruction of cartilage.
The development of arthrosis is accompanied by inflammation. To deal with it is prescribed a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. But their use as a double-edged sword – can be vital and can be very dangerous. Because only the art of the doctor can skillfully direct it to the inflammatory process and avoid the risk of gastritis, thrombosis, diseases of the liver.
At home by the doctor, the patient may use distraction tools in form of ointments, gels, infusions of herbs. Good results are physical therapy, acupuncture, hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches), as well as Spa treatment in remission stage (attenuation of disease), using natural mud and mineral baths.
Pain, damage to the knee joint (in this case we are talking about osteoarthritis) never appear sharply in one second. Osteoarthritis in the knee joint increases gradually. First, pain during prolonged walking, while climbing stairs or downhill. Also seriously ill are the start of movement after sleeping in a sitting position. After resting knee pain disappear. In the first stage of the disease the joint has the same form, but can be increased. Over time, the pain and mobility is reduced. The knee bends less and only comes up to 90 degrees. The deformation of the joint, a rough crackle, increasingly. In the third stage, joint mobility is reduced to a minimum, they deform even more, legs are bent.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joints (coxarthrosis) develops after 40 years and they are sick more often women. This is the most severe form of degenerative joint disease. Often it is caused by congenital changes of the connective tissue, sprains and subluxations transferred diseases and injuries of the femoral head. The main symptom of the disease is pain in the groin that extend no more than knee-length, increases with walking and is particularly difficult to get out of a chair or bed.
Gradually signs of arthrosis of the hip joint are complemented by limitation of motion sore feet. A man can't take leg to the side or to pull up to the chest, a rough dry crunch. It is difficult to wear socks and shoes, he begins to limp. If the patient is put on back, it will be evident that a sore leg is shorter and is deployed outward. Further, because of lameness appears fatigue in the lumbar region and pain in the point of attachment of the tendons in the knee joint. These pains may be even stronger than the pain in the groin and may provoke wrong diagnostic.
Stay active, avoid hypothermia and professional overload do not overload the joints and spine, eat rationally. Take care and train your skeletal system.