CERVICAL DEGENERATIVE DISC DISEASE: SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT AT HOME

The cervical vertebrae are close to each other, so the slightest change in at least one of them lead to discomfort. In addition, the neck connects the head with the rest of the body, it the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain, and in their compression can develop oxygen deprivation. Therefore, the localization of the pathological process in the cervical vertebrae is one of the most dangerous forms of the disease.

In ceruicis vertebrae

Due to failure in cerebral circulation in patients appear headaches, increased blood pressure (hypertension), occurs vascularium dystonia (VVD). In addition, there are often problems with the senses – reduced vision, hearing, disturbed coordination, also malfunctions of the cardiovascular and respiratory system.

In severe, advanced cases, patients develop a syndrome of the vertebral artery. This vessel supplies oxygen and nutrients to the cerebellum and the medulla oblongata, owing to its being crushed, violated their function. The patient complains of dizziness, blackouts, and may lose consciousness. Can also occur with ischemia of the spinal cord or brain, a stroke.

In addition to the blood vessels in the vertebrae also are nerve roots, their defeat is called . They may experience bony growths due to which partially or completely disappears mobility in the neck.

Rationes
The most serious complication of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine is a spinal nerve compression that without specialized care leads to death.

Causes and symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease

The causes of osteochondrosis are always associated with aging and age-related changes in tissues, however, some factors increase the risk of disease and rejuvenate it:

  • sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work;
  • long-term regular being in one, static position;
  • excess weight, especially in case of sudden weight gain;
  • constantly being in a state of stress, nervous tension;
  • frequent exposure of the portion of the neck;
  • autoimmune disorders, which suffer from cartilage tissue;
  • injury in the neck or head;
  • congenital abnormal structure of the vertebrae.

In addition, the important role played by heredity, stability in hormonal levels and metabolism.

Symptoms are mostly localized in the neck, head and upper half of the back. Patients complain of the appearance of lumbago, strengthening of pain during attempts to rotate the head, the occurrence of a crunch when driving. Sometimes people can't move because of severe pain.

In addition to the backache, sick people to disturb constant headaches, which give to the eyes and temples. Can also impaired vision or hearing, before the eyes there is a haze. After the sharp movements of the neck, nausea, sometimes vomiting, may be dizzy, to disrupt consciousness.

Diagnostic modos

Special attention should be paid to the root of the symptoms, the manifestation of which depends on the defeat of specific nerve endings:

  • C1 – pathological sensitivity, or her disappearance in the neck;
  • C2 – the emergence of pain in the area of the parietal bone or occiput;
  • C3 – loss of control over the language, resulting in impaired speech, pain in the neck-side affected nerve;
  • C4 – muscular Hypo tonicity in the area of the head and neck, impaired breathing, radiating pain in the right hypochondrium and the region of the heart;
  • C5 – pathological sensitivity on the outer surface of the shoulder;
  • C6 and C7 – pain that spreads to the neck, shoulder blade and arm from the side pinch the nerve root.
propria haec syndromes

Diagnostic methods

To determine the stage, neglect and the prevalence of the pathological process, the patient is administered a number of additional surveys:

  • x-rays – is determined by the change of mobility and location of the vertebrae, the reduction of inter-vertebral cracks, salt deposits;
  • CT scan – gives you the ability to see gaps, change of disc height, vertebral instability, compression of nerve fibers and spinal cord;
  • Magnetic resonance imaging – allows you to see precisely the pathological changes, to determine the blood flow and the condition of the nerve roots.

Typically only x-rays of the cervical spine, more costly methods are used in confusing and unclear cases.

Syndromes caused by osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

A syndrome is a collection of multiple clinical manifestations, which are combined into a single syndrome.

Physiotherapeutic curatio modos

For degenerative disc disease of the cervical vertebrae characterized by the following syndromes:

  • vertebral pathological processes in cartilage and bone tissue of the vertebrae;
  • cordis – like pathology of the cardiovascular system, for example, angina or ante infarctus condition;
  • vertebral artery compression of the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain;
  • radicular – dysfunction of the nerve roots.

Each syndrome has its own distinctive list of symptoms that must be present in this syndrome.

The treatment of the disease

Treatment of degenerative disc disease in traditional medicine is conducted with the help of massage, special exercises, physiotherapy and use of medication. The choice of methods depends on the disease: in acute process in the foreground treated with drugs, and when degenerative disc disease is in remission – physiotherapy or massage.

Medicines

To eliminate the causes and reduce the signs and symptoms are several groups of drugs:

  • analgesics eliminate pain, severe pain they are administered intravenously, and when the disease abates, prescribe a tablet form of drugs;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory – during ingestion have analgesic effect, with local application relieve swelling and inflammation;
  • muscle relaxants – to help relax neck muscles, which with osteochondrosis are in constant tension;
  • vitamins strengthen the overall health of the patient.

Medical therapy is actively used in the acute phase of the disease, other methods are used during remission.

Folk remedies

Remedies based on various plants (decoctions, tinctures or infusions) are often used to prevent the recurrence of the disease. However, before using the popular recipes need to consult with a doctor and make sure there are no contraindications such as Allergy.

One of the most popular recipes is the use of lilac, fennel or hops. Tools based on them can help fight inflammation, relieve pain, improve mobility of the neck.

Massage with cervical osteochondrosis

Massage in osteochondrosis should be used only during remission of the disease. In rare cases, you may use massage therapy in the acute phase, however, then you need a specially trained person. He has to work on specific points of the body, reflex effect on the cervical muscle, is strictly prohibited to massage the affected area.

During the procedure the muscles of the neck and back of the patient, at least in its upper part should be completely relaxed. You can be in a sitting position or lying on your stomach, but for the first option, use a special massage chair.

Regular treatments help re tense muscles to relax as a consequence, diminish soreness, disappears stiffness. In addition, improves the flow of blood and lymph, which beneficially affect the progression of the disease.

Physical therapy

Physiotherapy treatments aimed at stimulating regeneration of tissues of the body, and reducing pain.

Procedures have the following steps:

  • reducing pain;
  • relieve tension in the muscles;
  • improvement of the trophic tissue at the site of lesion;
  • eliminate inflammation.

Often uses such techniques as electrophoresis, balneotherapy, ultrasound effect, acupuncture.

Physiotherapy

Exercises with cervical osteochondrosis allowed to do strictly during remission, the movement in the acute phase can lead to deterioration of the patient. All therapeutic exercise is reduced to rotations and tilts of the head. It is important to take actions slowly, without sudden movements. In case of pain is to stop the activity and seek the advice of a specialist.

Prevention

Low back pain as any other disease is easier to prevent than to treat.

Exercitia cum ceruicis osteochondrosis

To preventive measures include:

  • tracking posture;
  • exercises for neck;
  • breaks when working at the computer, reading, writing, etc.;
  • the use of chondroprotectors and vitamins;
  • sports.

If a person has a tendency to develop the disease, he needs to periodically visit a specialist and undergo the study. This will help to identify the disease at an early stage and time to begin treatment.

30.03.2018