Injury to a joint often safe injury that unpleasant appearance of disease symptoms, rarely leads to dangerous consequences. But the probability of their occurrence should not be ruled out, therefore, when any painful symptoms in the joint you should go to the doctor.
Damage or injury that affects the soft tissue in the joint as a result of blow is the injury of the joint. Disorders of the skin takes place.
Injury is possible anywhere:
You can walk, stumble, fall and get bruised joint.
People with injury for some time may lose ability to work, less likely to get disability on a background of severe closed injury.
Most often injuries occur in the knee joint, ray wrist and elbow. These joints are the most vulnerable and frequently injured by falls or from direct impact.
Injury of a joint can be distinguished from other pathologies the symptoms that will help you navigate and take action to remedy the problem.
Damage to the joints common symptoms and signs is the appearance:
Despite the appearance of edema, which is associated with the stretching of the capsule by the liquid and a pronounced pain, functionality of the joint is preserved (in contrast to fracture). For minor injuries the man rarely asks for help, preferring to be treated at home.
If there is severe pain symptom that is not typical pain relief, you need to contact the doctor who will help relieve the pain special drugs that keep the joint and deliver the victim to the hospital.How to carry out first aid for bruises joint
If damage to the joint in the knee or ankle, you need an affected person to put on a flat surface and put it under the leg roller.
Injuries of the joints of the fingers accompanied by intense pain, so this part of the body first need to fix with the help of scarves.
Then the damaged area is fixed with a gauze or elastic bandage that will help to eliminate the strong swelling and reduce pain.
Further injury to the joint is necessary to protect them from bleeding and hematomas, for this it is necessary to attach a cold compress.
To stop the resulting pain can any painkiller, which takes people (or you can consult a specialist by calling an ambulance or in the hospital).Features of injuries of the joints of fingers
Joint injuries of the fingers are the most common injuries because most often falling or hitting, the man instinctively puts his hands forward.
The joints on the arms not protected by soft tissues, resulting in the consequence of injuries is hemorrhage in the joint capsule and restriction of mobility fingers that injury.
There are situations when an injury to the joint on the hands requires immediate treatment to the doctor.
If, after damage to the joint on the hand of a mighty painful symptoms will be absent, but the functionality of the finger is broken (it is impossible to bend and straighten), then you need to wait a bit for a while.
Perhaps the limitation – the phenomenon is transient and will soon pass. If after a while the situation will not change, you need to go to the hospital and to educate injury place using x-rays.
If the injured finger, which is put on a decoration, then it is necessary to take it off.
To injure ray wrist joint is possible during the fall, which is accompanied by placing your palms facing forward.
Using ray wrist joint are nerve roots, so the affected person will feel severe pain syndrome – acute, radiating to her fingertips.
In the elbow there are a number of nerve fibers, one of which is when injury is clamped between the joints. This is accompanied by numbness, severe lumbago pain, which can last quite a long time.
As the effects of injury in the future, may form bone spurs, damaged cartilage, the appearance of scars.
The knee joint is damaged no less than the ulnar.
Treatment of injury of the joint is often done at home. If the injury is not strong, he can pass on their own after a few days.
In the further treatment of the injury of the joint is carried out using:
If there is an injury of the hip joint, the treatment can be carried out in salt baths, compresses decoction on the basis of the leaves of the currant, honey, alcohol compresses, or use of NSAIDs.
Necessarily in the first days of therapy need to adhere to a sparing mode, not to lift heavy weights and do not load the injured area.
Then you can at home to massage and exercise that help the joint to recover.