Diet for osteoarthritis knee joints: recommendations

Under this condition imply the increasing destruction of joints. It takes its origin from the thinning layer of cartilage that covers the head of bones and provides them with a slide and swing. Typically the normal cartilage has tensile strength, elasticity and flexibility, but if you develop arthritis of the joints, there is a gradual depression of these properties. As a result, there is friction of bones against each other which causes shortness of their movement in the joint and severe pain. Ultimately, in the absence of adequate treatment can occur deformation of the joint.

Indicia

Symptoms

One of the main symptoms of this disease is considered to be the strongest pain, which is manifested in the absence of even the slightest sign of leaking inflammatory process. But, as practice shows, the inflammation and swelling are also sometimes present, but this plays a secondary role.

Important! A distinctive feature that can distinguish osteoarthritis of the joints from arthritis is increasing the pain in the joints during movement. In addition, secondary signs include:

  • crunching and creaking during flexion and extension of the joints;
  • limited and difficult mobility;
  • change the size of the joint.

Remember that the last stage of the disease is to immobilize the joint with a subsequent replacement of the prosthesis.

Degree

To date, there are several degrees of this disease:

Gradus
  • Arthrosis of the 1st degree is the initial stage of the disease.
  • 2 the degree.
  • 3 degree.
  • 4 the degree.

The initial phase of disease is characterized by reduced mobility, but as a rule, it appears quite negligible and only in one direction. To diagnose using x-rays is problematic, as the build-UPS as these do not yet exist. The diagnosis of osteoarthritis of 1 degree is only when the joint surfaces appear uneven and formed areas of ossification. In addition, another determining factor in the development of this disease is the appearance of not very much narrowing of joint cracks.

Attention! First degree is characterized by the absence of swelling, fever and skin changes.

Typically, 90% of doctor visits occur after the disease enters its second stage, where his symptomatology is more pronounced. So, knee osteoarthritis degree 2 is characterized by:

  • easy fatigue;
  • a sensation of pressure in the joint;
  • Pelagus hostis
  • increase in pain after exercise.
  • In addition, at this stage, there are already small changes of the joints, which with the course of the disease will only get worse.

    3 degree is already with constant pain, which are present even at rest. In addition, a special influence on the intensity of the pain may have changes in weather conditions.

    Stage 4 can be described very simply - total or partial destruction of the cartilage that can be treated with only surgery.

    The main enemy is excess weight

    As practice shows, one of the main enemies of the joints is excess weight. That is why the diet for osteoarthritis of the knee is designed not only to provide the human body with necessary nutrients, but also assist in the fight against excess weight. But remember that before you start this treatment diet must first consult with your doctor. This is especially true for people whose diagnosis was identified comorbidities or whose age is more than 50 years.

    Arthritis: diet, treatment

    Conservative treatment of this disease is:

    1. Administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are designed to reduce pain. But it should be noted that these drugs are in most cases not treated, and only mask the pain symptoms.
    2. The appointment of ointments, creams for topical use. Their positive properties include the improvement of blood circulation and no side effects.
    3. Conservative treatment
    4. The use of drugs for the imposition of compressor. As a rule, their use can reduce swelling and inflammation. In addition, their distinguishing feature is that these substances have the excellent dispersion effect.
    5. The use of corticosteroid hormones, which are inserted inside the joints. But remember that they can significantly worsen the General condition of patients who are diagnosed with related diseases.

    As mentioned above, to maximize the effectiveness of conservative treatment requires correctly prescribed diet for knee osteoarthritis, which is a categorical refusal from alcohol, white bread, sweets and foods containing fast carbohydrates. But let's order.

    What doctors recommend?

    Doctor recommended diet for patients with osteoarthritis should include: oily fish, meat products, vegetables and rye bread. It would be nice to add to your diet gelatin or jelly, broth made from bones, as in such foods is collagen, a vital, cartilage and bones of our body. In addition, special attention should be paid to the intake of vitamins and minerals that play a crucial role in the proper organization of the metabolism in the body. Such foods include: lentils, bananas, cabbage, potatoes, peas, chicken, beans.

    Also diet for osteoarthritis knee joints can't do without dairy products containing in its composition vitamin B2 and calcium is used by our body in order to strengthen bone tissue. In addition, the rehabilitation and construction of new cartilage tissue can't do without protein, dairy, vegetable and animal (lentils, buckwheat, fish). Also for better absorption recommended to add protein in your diet a few stewed and boiled dishes.

    What to exclude?

    As quickly as possible to get rid of the painful symptoms peculiar to this disease, it is necessary to abandon completely:

    Quid doctores suadeo
    • Pork, beef, lamb.
    • Fresh peppers, tomatoes, spices.
    • Acidic fruit juices.
    • Cereal, dried fruit.
    • Whole milk.
    • High-calorie food.

    Diet for osteoarthritis of the knee: basic guidelines

    There is no doubt that diet will not completely cure the disease, but, as practice shows, it can significantly reduce the weight and improve the General condition of the joints. That is why the use of these simple tips will not only help to significantly reduce the feeling of hunger, but also provide the body adequate nutrition. So:

    1. It is best to eat from a small plate. So the portion is visually will appear larger.
    2. Not to overeat.
    3. Do not create large breaks between meals.
    4. Thoroughly chewed.
    5. Do not eat after 18.00.
    6. To include in your daily routine Hiking, which should begin immediately after a meal.
    7. Constantly monitor your weight.

    Physiotherapy

    Medicinales gymnasticae

    There is a hypothesis that physiotherapy in knee osteoarthritis will not bring any effect. But, as recent research suggests that this is not entirely true. As for healthy functioning of the body needs for strong muscles, simple gymnastic exercises very useful. Recommended exercises, which includes not very difficult, slow movements, as damaged areas of the joints can not withstand excessive sudden movements or high physical exertion. Such exercises include:

    1. The knees up to the abdomen in the supine position.
    2. Bending the legs at the knee and lifting the pelvis.
    3. Commission by the leg movements that mimic Cycling, while in the supine position.
    4. Alternate allocation of direct feet in the parties and return them to the starting point.

    In addition, fairly well-proven and manual therapy. But, in practice, particular successes achieved its combination with pulling and purpose chondro protectores. Also during conservative treatment is recommended to use a cane, which is almost half reduces the load on the damaged joint.

    10.05.2018